framework of society: power plants, schools, hostipals.
Scramble for Africa
European powers in 1800's rushing to cut a piece of Africa for themslefs
13 European powers came together to cut up Africa 126 years ago
Military takeovers of the government (130 in Africa, 60 were successful.)
First leader of the first Sub-Saharan country to gain independence (Ghana in 1957)
independence leader if Tanzania
President of Zimbabwe since 1980, very corrupt leading to massive infaltion.
First President of Kenya, locked up by the Brits for alleged ties to Mau Mau Rebellion
Led a coup d'etat agiasnt Milton Obote, killed 300,000 Ugandans.
Mobutu Sese Seko
Leader of the Congo, renamed it Zaire, one of Africa's Big Men, he led coup agiasnt Patrice Lumumba, the democratically elected pres of Congo with help of the CIA
First president of Senegal, He is also a poet
The Concept that celebrated the kinship of all those of African Descent and aimed to improve thier lives
Year of Africa
1960 is consideredthe year of Africa because so many countries got independence
Two world events leading to decolonization
End of World War 2, start of cold war.
Mau Mau uprising
Kikuyu ethnic group rose up agiasnt British colonizers in bloody rebellion.
Where only one politcal party is allowed to run for office.
A system serperating the country racial groups under white control. Black South Africans could only leave thier tiny area to work for White south Africans. had to carry passes with them at all time. It ended in 1994 with election of Nelson Mandela.
African Nation Congress
The organization that protested Apartheid in south Africa; madela a leader.
First pharaoh of Egypt: united Upper and Lower Egypt into one kingdom in 3150 BC.
Boy king whose tomb remained untouched for 2,000 years-giving us tons of information about how the Ancient Egyptians lived and died.
Queen of Egypt-seduced Caesar and Marc Antony so she could get total control in Egypt. A beloved wueen, the Egytians loved her for adoption of Egyptain culture.
King of Mali who made his empire famous by throwing so much gold in the streets of Cairo that the price of gold fell for twenty years.
Center of Islamic schorlarship during Songhai empire-had 25,000 students at its hight
Rich gold empire, know because of Mansa Musa's pigrimage.
Powerful military empire with over 200,000 soldiers.
Eastern African TRading empire ; has bantu and arabic influences.
Ancient counterpart to Egypt; washed away by a dam and little remains.
South African kingdom famous
Joseph's nomadic ethnic group living in Eastern Africa that relies on herding cattle
process of acquiring and maintaining colonies
Britain, France, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, Germany
Settled by freed slaves from America - led to a Civil War between descendants of natives and freed slaves that were dropped there by the US
sent to find Dr. Livingstone; reported that he encountered cannibals; treated
crew and natives brutally; later scouted and claimed the Congo for King Leopold
missionary doctor who traveled deep into Africa and refused to come out
King Leopold II
Belgian king who colonized the Congo all for himself to make a fortune in
rubber. Enslaved natives, ordered officials to cut off workers' hands, killed 10 million
to become absorbed into a foreign culture - France used this policy with African colonies
motivations for colonization were Gold, Glory and God
motivations for colonization: Christianity, Commerce & Civilization
colonizers use local chiefs or kings to rule for them (British)
colonizers are the ones ruling over the native people (French, Portuguese, Belgian)
colonial power sends their citizens to settle and rule the land
crops grown for money not food (rubber cotton) causing famine; legacy of colonization Industrial Revolution European nationalism Humanitarian reasons
Name three lasting effects of colonization
1. Cash crops create economic dependence
2. Ethnic rivalries as a result of Direct Rule (Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda)
3. Lack of infrastructure
4. Language and religion
bringing civilization and Christianity to the native people, had to compete with other European powers
How did European powers rationalize African colonization?
Missionary activity, European racism (White Man's Burden), Places to dump unwanted/excess population
You will be asked to name AT LEAST 4 motives for European colonization