Ch 8 Campaigns, Elections, and Voting behavior

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Naturalized citizens are constitutionally barred from running for the office of

President of the United States.

A candidate for the U.S. Senate

must be a resident of the state from which elected.

In the last twenty years the number of women running for office at the federal and state level has

increased significantly

Candidates for public office are likely to be

lawyers.

Most political consultants

will work only for candidates of one political party.

If a candidate is a highly visible incumbent seeking reelection,

there may be little need for campaigning except to remind the voters of the officeholder's good deeds.

Tracking polls are used

on a daily basis to determine last-minute changes in the mood of the electorate.

A small group of individuals which is gathered to identify in-depth feelings about candidates and issues is called

a focus group.

The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974 did not

provide public funding for Congressional elections.

The Supreme Court ruled in Buckley v. Valeo that ___________ cannot be banned under the Constitution.

the amount a candidate spends on a campaign

For a federal political action committee (PAC) to be legitimate, it must

raise money from at least fifty volunteer donors.

Most PAC contributions go to

incumbents.

Soft money

was no longer available to the national political parties after 2002.

Advertising paid for by interest groups that support or oppose a candidate or a candidate's position on an issue without mentioning voting or elections is called

issue advocacy advertising.

The organizations that came to be known as "527s"

offered an alternative for interest groups to use money to influence the course of elections

The purpose of introducing the primary as a means of nominating candidates for office was to

open the nomination process to ordinary party members and to weaken the influence of party bosses.

A party leader or elected official who is given the right to vote at the national convention is called

a superdelegate

When only declared party members can vote in a primary election, it is called

a closed primary.

When voters can vote in either party primary without disclosing their party affiliation, it is called

an open primary.

When the top two candidates in a primary compete in a second primary for the majority of votes, it is called

a run-off primary.

The practice of moving presidential primary elections to the early part of the campaign season is called

primary slide.

The number of members each state will have in the Electoral College

is determined by adding the number of representatives and senators a state has in Congress.

Voter turnout for local elections is

much less than for presidential elections.

In cases where no presidential candidate receives a majority of the electoral college vote,

the election is decided in the U.S. House of Representatives.

The Australian ballot

is secret and is prepared, distributed and tabulated by government officials.

The manner in which members of the electoral college are selected within each state is currently governed by

state laws.

In order to win in American politics today, candidates seek to capture

all of the votes of their party's supporters, a majority of the independent voters and a few votes from supporters of the other party.

The practice of moving presidential primary elections to the early part of the campaign season is called

front-loading

In 2007, the most important domestic issues in the minds of the voters were

healthcare and immigration reform

The process of nominating presidential candidates is now controlled by

the public rather than party elites.

The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002

bans soft money contributions to national parties

A party-column ballot is a form of general election ballot

in which the candidates are arranged in one column under their respective party.

A statewide election of delegates to a political party's national convention to help a party determine its presidential nominee is called

a presidential primary.

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