the process by which the body takes in and uses food.
units of heat that measures energy used by the body, and the energy that food supply to the body.
substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself and to supply you with energy.
a natural physical drive that protects you from situation.
a desire, rather than a need, to eat.
the starches and sugars present in food.
starches such as whole grains, seeds, nuts, legumes (dried beans & beans) and potatoes.
a simple sugar that is the body's main source of energy.
How can you tell that something is a sugar???
it ends in "ose".
an indigestible complex carb found in tough, stringy parts of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
helps build and maintain body cells. Provides 4 calories per gram. Used to replace damaged or worn-out cells.
are building block of protein.
a fatty substancy that does not dissolve in water.
holds all the hydrogen atoms it can. Associated with "bad fat" which is an increase in heart disease.
help regulate many vital body process such as digestion, absorbtion, metabolism.
are absorbed, stored and transferred in fat- excess is stored in fatty tissues (Liver and Kidneys)
What are the 4 Vitamins
A,D,E and K
substances that the body cannot manufacture but are needed for farming healthy bones and teeth
substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect
a condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods.
a negative reaction to a food because a person is unable to digest it.
A food poisoning that resulted from eating food contaminated with pathogens.
the process of treating a substance with heat to destroy pathogens.