AP Drama Terms - Caff Class

41 terms by jcaffery Plus

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Falling Action

Sequence of events that follow the climax and end in Resolution.

Ex: In Romeo and Juliet, it's after they kill themselves, and parents find bodies, etc.

Antagonist

A character or group of characters who challenge or oppose the protagonist (s).

Ex. Voldemort!

Flat Character

A static character who doesn't undergo change or substantial growth in a work of fiction.

Ex: Mister Collins from Pride and Prejudice.

Antithesis

Juxtaposition of contrasting ideas or balanced phrases.

Ex.: It was the best of times, it was the worse of time.

Round Character

Major character who encounters conflict and is change by it.

Ex: Huckleberry Finn.

Foil

Character who contrasts to the primary character to illuminate specific traits in that character.

Ex: Don Quixote and Sancho Panza; Hamlet and Fortinbras (or Laertes); Dr. Xavier + Magneto; Scar and Mufasa

Anti-hero

A main character who is deeply flawed and lacks the qualities of a true hero.

Ex: Holden Caufield or Severus Snape

Anti-climax

An abrupt shift from a serious tone to a lesser one, or a decline in the plot that is not as big as expected.

Ex: Pirate story - treasure chest empty :(

Rising Action

A related series of events in a literary plot that build toward the point of great interest.

Ex: When the 3 little pigs choose to build their houses our of poor materials

Monologue

A dramatic sketch performed by one actor.

Ex: The to be or not to be speech in Hamlet

Farce

A light dramatic composition marked by broadly satirical comedy and an improbable plot.

Ex: Oscar Wilde's, The Importance of Being Earnest

Complication

An unforeseen hindrance to a course of action that makes whatever is trying to be accomplished becomes more difficult than before.

ex. Dr. Johnson had to perform open heart surgery on Dr. Caffery, but his excessive drinking complicated the procedure.

Climax

The highest point of drama or action in a literary work.

ex. The climax of The Lion King is when Simba faces Scar in the last battle, ra.

Comic Relief

Abrupt comic moments in a tragedy inserted to relieve the tension of the tragedy.

ex. Hamlet provided comic relief when he took time out of his day to clean a large quantity of dirty cats.

Denouement

The resolution of a story's conflict.

Ex: Hamlet's (according to Nic(k)) has a great denouement. Established literary scholars would disagree.

Dialogue

Conversation between multiple characters.

Ex: Shakespeare's "unrealistic formal dialogue" (Bares 2011).

Drama

Story involving conflict between characters.

Ex: The drama involving Wood and Caffery.

Dramatic Irony

Irony produced by a situation in which the audience knows something that the characters don't.

Ex: In Romeo and Juliet, the audience knows that Juliet isn't actually dead...

Aside

Words spoken by a character to the audience, unheard by other characters onstage.

Ex: In Hamlet, when characters talk about how Hamlet is nuts before addressing him directly (Polonius).

Characterization

The way an author presents/develops characters.

Ex.: The impatient girl always misbehaves with her calm and quiet brother.

Crisis

A point in a story when the conflict reaches its highest tension and must be resolved.

Ex: In MEAN GIRLS, when the burn book is released...

Epiphany

A sudden realization.

Ex: In Catcher in the Rye, when Phoebe is on the carousel and Holden realizes "something," and changes for the better.

Static character

A literary character who remains basically unchanged throughout the work.

Ex: Cinderella's stepmother.

Stock Character

A character of a type quickly recognized quickly recognized by the reader/viewer, and requiring no development by the writer.

Ex: The Greek god Zeus, damsel in distress, the rake.

Tragedy

A literary work in which the protagonist falls to disaster through a combination of personal failing and circumstance with which he cannot deal.

Ex: Romeo and Juliet.

Conflict

To come into opposition or to clash.

Ex: In Mean Girls, the two Asian girls are in conflict over the physical education teacher.

Tragic Flaw

The defect of a character that cause the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy (the tragic hero).

Ex: In Mean Girls, Cady's desire to be a plastic causes her downfall. Hamlet's desire for revenge, his craziness, his failure to ACT.

Catharsis

The purging of emotions, especially through art, such as the tragedy. Aristotle: "the proper purgation of pity and fear."

Ex: When watching, you cry along with the main character.

Hamartia

See Tragic Flaw

Imagery

When the writer uses words to create mental images of some sort.

Ex: Ominous imagery at the beginning of Hamlet.

Melodrama

A play emphasizing theatrical effects and strong emotion.

Ex: Soap operas

Playwright

Person who writes plays.

Ex: Shakes

Persona

A character in a novel or play.

Resolution

The final piece of a puzzle of a work of literature that causes all of the pieces to fall into place.

Ex: Scooby Doo, Detective Shows

Foreshadowing

To allude to an event to come in a work of literature.

Ex: Some claim that the Old Testament foreshadows the new.

Pathos

The quality in a literary work evoking emotions of pity and sorrow.

Ex: Gertrude's speech describing the death of Ophelia.

Soliloquy

A long speech delivered to oneself - a monologue.

Ex: Hamlet's famous "To be, or not to be" soliloquy.

Verbal Irony

Saying what you don't mean

Ex: He was a holy man (wink wink).

Bathos

A ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to the commonplace; anticlimax.

Ex.

Blank Verse

Un-rhymed verse, especially in iambic pentameter.

Ex. The small dog has no place to call its home
Let us bring him back to our place to stay

Bombast

Speech too pompous for an occasion; pretentious words.

Ex. Nick makes a speech on why he is the most intelligent in the class after just making a D on the test.

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