figurative language

Created by tankec 

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simile

comparison using like or as

metaphor

comparison not using like or as

metonymy

using one thing to stand in place of another

synecdoche

using a part of something to stand for the whole thing

antonomasia

substituting an epithet or title for a proper name

personification

endowing non-human things with human traits

apostrophe

addressing an absent person or inanimate object

allusion

literary or historical reference

hyperbole

literary exaggeration

understatement/litotes

deliberately making a situation seem less serious than it is; writer expresses an affirmative by stating its opposite negatively

euphemism

using a less offensive term for one more offensive

synesthesia

describing one sense impression by using words normally associated with another sense

paradox

a seemingly illogical or contradictory statement which upon further scrutiny offers truth and insight

oxymoron

a short, pithy paradox made up of two contrasting words slammed together

zeugma

figure of speech using one word to modify two different words, with the words having different connotations (clever play on words)

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