Saba the Farmer of Ancient Egypt

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Irrigation System of Channels and Dikes

Channels- A ditch that allows water to flow to crops
Dikes- Sort of like a dam, this is an earthen structure that can be used to release water and keep water in by opening or closing it.

Shait- The Season of Inunduation

Starts in middle July and runs throgh October. This is the season that the Nile River's water levels increase and release the silt that makes the soil fertile.

Shemu- The Season of Harvest

The crops that have been growing are ready to be harvested by every member of the family, and there is a great feast planned from Feburuary to the end of May.
The steps of Shemu go...
1. The grain gets cut down by reapers that swing their carved wooden sickles .
2.The grain is taken to the threshing floor where oxen trample the stalks.
3. Workers throw that grain and the chaffs blow away.
4. Donkeys carry the grain the the family silo.

Nilometer

A measuring device that is used to help predict that height of coming flood waters. Notches were made along stone walls to mark the previous flooding of the Nile.

Pirut- The Season of Emergence

The soil is ready for planting because the water is receding. Pirut goes from October to Febuary.
1. The soil is broken up by farmers using a tool called a mattock.
2. The farmers then scatter the barley or wheat seeds in the field.
3. After the farmers are finished scattering seeds, they send cattle out to firmly embed the seeds by stomping on it.

Cataracts

There are six cataracts along the Nile River. This is a place where, either by nature or by man, rocks have been placed. When travelers of the Nile encounter these rocks, they have to slow down because they are difficult to pass. Ports have been created so that people can stop and rest.

Papyrus

A long reed-like plant that would be used to make boats, baskets, and light weight paper.
Egyptians were the sole providers of papyrus.

Flax

A plant that is harvested. The fibers are used to make ropes, heavy fabrics, clothing, and sitting mats.

Shaduf

A lever that is made of a pole on a pivot that raises water for higher farming levels.
There is a clay weight on one end that balances the bucket that holds the water on the other. Using this makes the work easier for farmers.

Locusts

A grass-hopper related insect that flies and eats plants.

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