FS chapter 5 study guide

46 terms by ecirpttam

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Physical dependence

physiological need for a drug that been brought about by its regular use

Psychological dependence

conditioned use of a drug caused by underlaying emotional needs

screening test

a test that nonspecific an preliminary in nature

spectrophotometry

an analytical method for identifying a substance by exposing it to a specific type of electromagnetic radiation

stimulant

a substance taken to increse alertness or activity

ultraviolet

invisible long frequencies of light beyound violet in the visible spectrum

anabolic steroids

steroids that promote muscle growth

analgestic

a drug or stubstance that lessens or eliminates pain

chromatography

a means of seperating and tentatively identifying the components of a mixture

confirmation

a single test that specifically identifies a substance

depressent

a substances that depresses the functions of the central nervous system

fluoresce

to emit visible light when exposed to light of a shorter wavelength

hallucinagen

a substance that indused change in mood, attitude, thought processes, and perceptions

infrared

invisible short frequences of light before red in the visible spectrum

ion

an atom or molecule bearing a positive or negitive charge

microcrystalline test

tests to identify specific substances by the color a morphology of crystals formed when the substance is mixed with specific reagents

monochromatic light

light having a single wavelength frequency

monochromater

a decice used to isolate wavelengths or frequences of light

narcotic

an analgesic or pain-killing substance that depresses vital body functions shch as blood pressure, pulse rate, and breathing rate

Durg

A natural or synthetic substance that is used to produce physiological or psychological effects in humans or other higher-order animals

opiates

a type of narcotic drug and the source of most narcotic drugs

Bariturates

also known and downers because they relax the user, create a sense of wellbeing and produce sleep

Huffing

the sniffing of materials containing volatile solvents, freon and things of this nature

Amphetamine

a group of synthetic stimulants that share a similar chemical structure and are known as uppers of speed

Schedule 1 drugs

have no medical value in the united states and have a high potential for abuse

schedule 2 drugs

may have medical value in the united stated and have a high potential for abues

How many people in the united states use illicit drugs?

23 million

list some psychological reasons for drug use?

desire to create a sence of well being, to escape from reality, seek relief from personal problems and stressful situations, and sustin a physical and emotial state that permits an improved level of performance.

list some withdrawal symptoms linked with physical dependence of a drug?

body chills, vomiting, stomach cramps, convulsions, insomnia, pain, hallucinations

what is the mot frequently used opium derivative?

heroin

what is the best known synthetic opiate?

methadone

why is OxyContin so addictive?

it is closely related morphine or heroin

what is the most widely used illicit drug in the united states?

Marijuana

how can marijuana be used for medical benefit?

the reduction of excessive eye pressure in glaucoma and the lessening of nausea caused by powerful anticancer drugs

what is LSD derived from?

a type of fungus that attacks grasses and grains

what makes PCP so dangerous?

severe depression, tendencies toward violence, suicide, and it can cause schizophrenic behavior

what is the most abused drug in the united states?

Alcohol

list some examples of depressants?

Alcohol, Bariturates, Antiphyschotic, and antianxiety drugs

what damage can huffing do to the human body?

liver, heart, and brain damage, also risk of immediate death

why do many people use cocaine?

to increase productivity at work and to keep going when they are tired

what are GHB (ecstasy) and rohypnol associated with?

sexual assault, rape, and robbery

why are anabolic steroids so dangerous?

masculinizing effect in females, infertility, an diminished sex drive in males. for teenagers, result in premature halting of bone growth, and they are associated with anger issues

what is the most common type of screen test?

color test

list three types of confirmation test?

microcrystalline test, chromatography, spectrophotometry

what are two types of chromatography?

thin-layer and gas chromatography

what type of spectrophotometry is most affective for identifying drugs?

infrared Spectrophotometry

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