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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Cartesianism
  2. Treaty of Utrecht
  3. Andreas Vesalius
  4. William Harvey
  5. alchemy
  1. a • Ended War of Spanish of Succession
    • Created quarter-century of peace in Europe
    • Resolved a number of trading issues, all favoring Britain
  2. b • The use and study of metal through means of purification by fire to find 'essence'
    • Belief that matter could be understood and transformed
  3. c • Derived by Rene Descartes
    • Rested on the dual existence of matter and mind
    • Matter was subject to the mathematical laws
    • Mind was the spirit of the creator
  4. d • English, 1578-1657
    • Discovered heart's function as a pump
    • Discovered heart's chambers
    • Reasoned that blood circulated the entire body
  5. e • Belgian Doctor, 1514-1564
    • Published earliest anatomical drawings 1543
    • Blood originated in liver, passed through heart through mysterious pores (later defined as Capillaries by Marcello Malpighi)
    • Physician to Charles V

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. • Caused by conflict over Spanish heir
    • William III of England reformed the Grand Alliance against France and Spain
    • England and Holland provided navy and money
    • Ended by Treaty of Utrecht
  2. • Supposed Egyptian, lived during 2nd Century BC
    • Influential mystical traditions
    • Believed in universal spirit present everywhere
    • Taught high magic and alchemy
  3. • 16th and 17th Centuries
    • A period of new scientific inquiry, experimentation, and discovery
    • Tested the limits of ancient knowledge
    • Sought explanations for contradictions
    • Materialistic and Mathematical
    o Calculation replaces common sense
    o Earthly view of composition of Universe
  4. • 1571-1630 German
    • Mathematician, Astronomer, Astrologer, believed Copernicus and confirmed heliocentric theory
    • Discovered that planets orbit the sun in elliptical path
    • Discovered precise mathematical relationship between speed with which a planet revolves in relation to distance from sun
  5. • 1473-1543
    • Studied in Poland
    • Sun-centered universe
    • On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543
    • Circular Orbit

5 True/False Questions

  1. Bills of Exchange• Formed in 1694
    • Solved problems with bills of exchange, had security of payment because it was backed by certain taxes
    • Helped during Industrial Revolution to supply capital to entrepreneurs
    • Put out uniform currency by buying bills at discount—paying less than face value—exchanging for own currency

          

  2. Navigation Acts• English economic legislation
    • Stated that English goods could only be transported on English ships
    • Was for mercantilism
    • Major cause of dissent in Britain's New World colonies

          

  3. Paracelsus• Swiss Alchemist, 1493-1541
    • Believed matter composed of three principles; salt, sulfur, and mercury
    • Discovered disease had its own cause and cure, prescribed ingestion of distilled metals
    • Influential to new medicine ideas and chemistry

          

  4. joint-stock company• Sold shares in a business to raise funds
    • Shareholders rule company, share profits
    • Was a way to found colonies in the New World

          

  5. Bank of England• Formed in 1694
    • Solved problems with bills of exchange, had security of payment because it was backed by certain taxes
    • Helped during Industrial Revolution to supply capital to entrepreneurs
    • Put out uniform currency by buying bills at discount—paying less than face value—exchanging for own currency

          

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