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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Treaty of Utrecht
  2. Triangular Trade
  3. Seven Years' War
  4. Nicolaus Copernicus
  5. Francis Bacon
  1. a • English, 1561-1626; believed in manipulating nature to discover new ideas
    • Not a scientist, but a propagandist
    • Pushed importance of research, developed scientific method in "Advancement of Learning" 1605
    • Inspired others to pursue new science
  2. b • Trade among three separate ports
    • Rectified trade imbalances
    • Allowed trading for necessities
    • Example: British goods--->African Slaves--->West Indian Sugar; matched supply and demand instead of meeting surplus
  3. c • Ended War of Spanish of Succession
    • Created quarter-century of peace in Europe
    • Resolved a number of trading issues, all favoring Britain
  4. d • 1473-1543
    • Studied in Poland
    • Sun-centered universe
    • On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543
    • Circular Orbit
  5. e • War over colonies all around the world
    • Between England and France
    • Took place in North American mainland, west Indian sugar plantations, and eastern India
    • Britain is overall victor, eventually became global imperial power

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. • Swiss Alchemist, 1493-1541
    • Believed matter composed of three principles; salt, sulfur, and mercury
    • Discovered disease had its own cause and cure, prescribed ingestion of distilled metals
    • Influential to new medicine ideas and chemistry
  2. • Created by the Dutch
    • Place where goods were brought for storage before being traded
  3. • 1571-1630 German
    • Mathematician, Astronomer, Astrologer, believed Copernicus and confirmed heliocentric theory
    • Discovered that planets orbit the sun in elliptical path
    • Discovered precise mathematical relationship between speed with which a planet revolves in relation to distance from sun
  4. • Supporters believed world was composed of ideas and forms hidden by physical properties
    • Architect of universe possessed sprit of geometrician
    • Created an impetus for mathematical studies of scientists
    • Very important to astronomers
  5. • Sold shares in a business to raise funds
    • Shareholders rule company, share profits
    • Was a way to found colonies in the New World

5 True/False Questions

  1. Navigation Acts• English economic legislation
    • Stated that English goods could only be transported on English ships
    • Was for mercantilism
    • Major cause of dissent in Britain's New World colonies

          

  2. calicoes• The use and study of metal through means of purification by fire to find 'essence'
    • Belief that matter could be understood and transformed

          

  3. tariffs• Import taxes making foreign goods cost more
    • Supposed to make citizens buy their own state's goods
    • Large aspect of mercantilism

          

  4. Galileo Galilei• Italian, 1564-1642
    • Created telescope by using magnifying lenses and long tube
    • Discovered four moons of Jupiter, giving evidence that celestial bodies didn't revolve around Earth
    • Wrote A Dialogue Between the Two Great Systems of the World in 1633
    • Catholic Church deemed him anti-Christian, tried by Inquisition de España

          

  5. alchemy• Popular light cotton cloth
    • Traded from India to Europe

          

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