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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Treaty of Nijmengen
  2. Sir Isaac Newton
  3. Rene Descartes
  4. Cartesianism
  5. Nicolaus Copernicus
  1. a • Derived by Rene Descartes
    • Rested on the dual existence of matter and mind
    • Matter was subject to the mathematical laws
    • Mind was the spirit of the creator
  2. b • 1473-1543
    • Studied in Poland
    • Sun-centered universe
    • On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543
    • Circular Orbit
  3. c • French philosopher and mathematician (1596-1650), proved Galileo's views through math
    • "Discourse on Method" 1637 skepticism could lead to certainty, "I think therefore I am"
    • Known as the "Father of Modern Philosophy"
    • Invented the Cartesian coordinate system; Cartesianism
    • The dual existence of matter and mind
  4. d • Ended mercantile wars between France and an alliance of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the Netherlands
    • Signed in 1678
  5. e • English, 1643-1727
    • Mathematician, physician, and astronomer
    • United physics and astronomy
    • Developed calculus, created laws of motion, inertia, composition of light, built reflecting telescope, universal law of gravitation
    • Studied in the Royal Society in London

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • 1571-1630 German
    • Mathematician, Astronomer, Astrologer, believed Copernicus and confirmed heliocentric theory
    • Discovered that planets orbit the sun in elliptical path
    • Discovered precise mathematical relationship between speed with which a planet revolves in relation to distance from sun
  2. • 16th and 17th Centuries
    • A period of new scientific inquiry, experimentation, and discovery
    • Tested the limits of ancient knowledge
    • Sought explanations for contradictions
    • Materialistic and Mathematical
    o Calculation replaces common sense
    o Earthly view of composition of Universe
  3. • The use and study of metal through means of purification by fire to find 'essence'
    • Belief that matter could be understood and transformed
  4. • Created by the Dutch
    • Place where goods were brought for storage before being traded
  5. • English economic legislation
    • Stated that English goods could only be transported on English ships
    • Was for mercantilism
    • Major cause of dissent in Britain's New World colonies

5 True/False questions

  1. Francis Bacon• English, 1561-1626; believed in manipulating nature to discover new ideas
    • Not a scientist, but a propagandist
    • Pushed importance of research, developed scientific method in "Advancement of Learning" 1605
    • Inspired others to pursue new science

          

  2. Tycho Brahe• The use and study of metal through means of purification by fire to find 'essence'
    • Belief that matter could be understood and transformed

          

  3. Flyboats• Popular light cotton cloth
    • Traded from India to Europe

          

  4. Hermes Trismegistus• Supposed Egyptian, lived during 2nd Century BC
    • Influential mystical traditions
    • Believed in universal spirit present everywhere
    • Taught high magic and alchemy

          

  5. War of Spanish Succession• English, 1643-1727
    • Mathematician, physician, and astronomer
    • United physics and astronomy
    • Developed calculus, created laws of motion, inertia, composition of light, built reflecting telescope, universal law of gravitation
    • Studied in the Royal Society in London

          

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