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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. William Harvey
  2. giro banking
  3. Mercantilism
  4. Cartesianism
  5. Treaty of Nijmengen
  1. a • Ended mercantile wars between France and an alliance of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the Netherlands
    • Signed in 1678
  2. b • More money = more power
    • Limited amount of money in the world
    • Wanted as big a 'piece of the pie' as possible
    • Colonies are solely for the mother country
    • Tariffs and taxes
  3. c • English, 1578-1657
    • Discovered heart's function as a pump
    • Discovered heart's chambers
    • Reasoned that blood circulated the entire body
  4. d • Italian, early form of checking with bills of transfer
    • Money is stored in an account
    • Got rid of need for bullion being carried
    • Easier and safer
  5. e • Derived by Rene Descartes
    • Rested on the dual existence of matter and mind
    • Matter was subject to the mathematical laws
    • Mind was the spirit of the creator

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • 16th and 17th Centuries
    • A period of new scientific inquiry, experimentation, and discovery
    • Tested the limits of ancient knowledge
    • Sought explanations for contradictions
    • Materialistic and Mathematical
    o Calculation replaces common sense
    o Earthly view of composition of Universe
  2. • 1473-1543
    • Studied in Poland
    • Sun-centered universe
    • On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres, 1543
    • Circular Orbit
  3. • War over colonies all around the world
    • Between England and France
    • Took place in North American mainland, west Indian sugar plantations, and eastern India
    • Britain is overall victor, eventually became global imperial power
  4. • 1571-1630 German
    • Mathematician, Astronomer, Astrologer, believed Copernicus and confirmed heliocentric theory
    • Discovered that planets orbit the sun in elliptical path
    • Discovered precise mathematical relationship between speed with which a planet revolves in relation to distance from sun
  5. • Created by the Dutch
    • Place where goods were brought for storage before being traded

5 True/False questions

  1. Francis Bacon• English, 1561-1626; believed in manipulating nature to discover new ideas
    • Not a scientist, but a propagandist
    • Pushed importance of research, developed scientific method in "Advancement of Learning" 1605
    • Inspired others to pursue new science

          

  2. Tycho Brahe• 1546-1601
    • Studied Astronomy is Denmark
    • Discovered Nova, Comet
    o Challenged Crystalline Theory of universe
    • Sun-centered universe, with all planets orbiting earth

          

  3. Andreas Vesalius• Belgian Doctor, 1514-1564
    • Published earliest anatomical drawings 1543
    • Blood originated in liver, passed through heart through mysterious pores (later defined as Capillaries by Marcello Malpighi)
    • Physician to Charles V

          

  4. Bank of England• Basic form of checking, replaced precious metals, uniformly accepted
    • Had the disadvantage that the account may be empty by the time the bill was cashed
    • Used in the giro banking system

          

  5. Sir Isaac Newton• English, 1643-1727
    • Mathematician, physician, and astronomer
    • United physics and astronomy
    • Developed calculus, created laws of motion, inertia, composition of light, built reflecting telescope, universal law of gravitation
    • Studied in the Royal Society in London

          

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