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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Triangular Trade
  2. Rene Descartes
  3. monopoly
  4. Treaty of Nijmengen
  5. Robert Boyle
  1. a • French philosopher and mathematician (1596-1650), proved Galileo's views through math
    • "Discourse on Method" 1637 skepticism could lead to certainty, "I think therefore I am"
    • Known as the "Father of Modern Philosophy"
    • Invented the Cartesian coordinate system; Cartesianism
    • The dual existence of matter and mind
  2. b • Ended mercantile wars between France and an alliance of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the Netherlands
    • Signed in 1678
  3. c • English 1627-1691, wrote "The Skeptical Chymist" 1661
    • Rejected Aristotelian and Paracelsian views / 4 humors and 3 principles
    • Developed Boyle's Law (V/P) and the air pump
    • Favored atomic explanation of particles
  4. d • When one company controls most or all of the trade in a good
    • Good for mercantilism
    • Often supported by governments Ex. Dutch East India Company
    • Ex. Hanseatic League
  5. e • Trade among three separate ports
    • Rectified trade imbalances
    • Allowed trading for necessities
    • Example: British goods--->African Slaves--->West Indian Sugar; matched supply and demand instead of meeting surplus

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. • Created by the Dutch
    • Place where goods were brought for storage before being traded
  2. • English, 1561-1626; believed in manipulating nature to discover new ideas
    • Not a scientist, but a propagandist
    • Pushed importance of research, developed scientific method in "Advancement of Learning" 1605
    • Inspired others to pursue new science
  3. • Sold shares in a business to raise funds
    • Shareholders rule company, share profits
    • Was a way to found colonies in the New World
  4. • English economic legislation
    • Stated that English goods could only be transported on English ships
    • Was for mercantilism
    • Major cause of dissent in Britain's New World colonies
  5. • Swiss Alchemist, 1493-1541
    • Believed matter composed of three principles; salt, sulfur, and mercury
    • Discovered disease had its own cause and cure, prescribed ingestion of distilled metals
    • Influential to new medicine ideas and chemistry

5 True/False questions

  1. alchemy• Popular light cotton cloth
    • Traded from India to Europe


  2. Galileo Galilei• Italian, 1564-1642
    • Created telescope by using magnifying lenses and long tube
    • Discovered four moons of Jupiter, giving evidence that celestial bodies didn't revolve around Earth
    • Wrote A Dialogue Between the Two Great Systems of the World in 1633
    • Catholic Church deemed him anti-Christian, tried by Inquisition de España


  3. Bills of Exchange• Formed in 1694
    • Solved problems with bills of exchange, had security of payment because it was backed by certain taxes
    • Helped during Industrial Revolution to supply capital to entrepreneurs
    • Put out uniform currency by buying bills at discount—paying less than face value—exchanging for own currency


  4. Neoplatonism• Supporters believed world was composed of ideas and forms hidden by physical properties
    • Architect of universe possessed sprit of geometrician
    • Created an impetus for mathematical studies of scientists
    • Very important to astronomers


  5. Tycho Brahe• 1546-1601
    • Studied Astronomy is Denmark
    • Discovered Nova, Comet
    o Challenged Crystalline Theory of universe
    • Sun-centered universe, with all planets orbiting earth


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