The spread of Islam to South East Asia was delayed until the fall of the Buddhist trade empire of _________.
What groups in India were most likely to convert to Islam?
Buddhists and low caste Hindus
What groups successfully captured Baghdad in 1055?
How did the Muslim conquerors of Sind treat the Hindu and Buddhist residents of the region?
Hindus and Buddhists were treated as dhimmis
The commander of the First Islamic incursion into the Sind in 711 was __________.
What accounts for the disruption of the agricultural eceonomy of the Abbasid empire?
spiraling taxation, the destruction of the irrigation works, and pillaging by mercenary armies led to destruction and abandonment of many villages
What was the impact of the Crusades on Islam?
there was minimal impact
What was al-Mahdi's attitude towards the Shi'is?
he appealled to the moderate factions of the Shi'is to support the Abbasid dynasty
What ruler was associated with the transition from raiding to the establishment of an Islamic empire in the Indian subcontinent?
Muhammad of Ghur
How did the administration of al-Rashid set a tren for subsequent Abbasid rulers?
He was at the outset of his reign heavily dependant on Persian advisure, a practice that became commonplace thereafter
What group captured Baghdad in 1258?
Name a literary figure of the Abbasid Empire
Ibn Rushd, Sa'di, Omar Khayyam, Firdawsi
The fall of Acre the last Crusade stronghold, occured in what year?
How did Islam spread in Southeast Asia
Through port cities and trade centers on the sea and around the country
What was Harsha's religious policy
Harsha remained loyal to Hinduism and suppressed the Buddhist monasteries in his empire.
What was the nature of Islamic religion that developed in Southeast Asia
It developed a mystical nature that incorporated much of the indigenous religion
What was the impact of the Crusades in the Christian West
Cultures were influenced in things such as words, games, food and songs
How did Hinduism respond to the challenge of Islam
They placed greater emphasis on devotional cults of gods and goddesses that had earlier proved to be so effective in neutralizing the challenge of Buddhism
What groups revolted against Abbasid Rule?
slaves, peasants, shi'as, berbers
What was the fictional account of life in the Court of Caliph of Rashid
The One Thousand and One Nights
Who was the commander of the 1st Islamic incursion
Muhammad ibn Qasim
What was the level of trade in the Abbasid Empire
Trade with Africa, Mediterranean, India, and China continued to flourish
Who were the literary figures during the Abbasid Empire
Omar Khayyam, Ibn Rushd, Ferdawsi, Sa'di
What group captured Baghdad in 1258
The spread of Islam to Southeast Asia was delayed until the fall of this Buddhist trade empire
Why were the practices of seclusion and veiling seen as essential in Islamic society
women were believed to be possessed of insatiable lust from which men had to be protected
What descendant of a Turkish slave dynasty in Afghanistan led a series of expeditions into India to seize booty in the 11th century?
Muhammad of Ghazi
What are 3 reasons for the decline of the Abbasid empire in the 9th century
the difficulty of compelling local administrators to obey, the difficulty of moving armies across the great distances of the empire, and the retention of regional identities by the population
Why were sufi's effective missionaries in the Indian subcontinent?
They shared much with Indian mystics and wandering ascetics.
What is the Shah-Nama
A poem written in 1010 by Firdawsi. Also known as "Book of Kings".
What was the innovation of the Abbasid court with respect to women?
The establishment of the harem
To what extent did Harsha impose a unified empire on the Indian subcontinent
Harsha controlled the Gangetic plain, but never conquered most of the Indus valley or the Rajputana of Southern India.
What was the result of the civil wars following the death of al-Rashid
Candidates for the throne recognized the need to build up personal armies, often of slave soldiers
What accounts for the success of the First Crusade
Muslim political fragmentation and the element of surprise
What was the trend of urbanization during much of the Abbasid Empire
despite political disintegration and a decline in agricultural economy, towns continued to grow rapidly
How did the political center of Islam change after the Mongol Invasion
For the next two centuries after the Mongol Invasion, centers of Islamic power shifted to Egypt and Syria and to a number of etc
How did Islam and Hinduism differ
Islam stressed the egalitarianism of all believers, while Hinduism embraced a caste-based social system