HCHS Bio Gen Unit 6-list 1

12 terms by meg422

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Nutrient

substances in food that provide the raw materials and energy the body needs to live

Calorie

the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius

Carbohydrate

a nutrient that is composed of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen, and are a major source of energy

Glucose

a sugar that is the major source of energy for a cell

Fat

a nutrient composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen forms the cell membrane and is used as insulation in our bodies

Protein

a nutrient that contains nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and is used for tissue repair and growth in the body.

Amino Acid

the building blocks of proteins

Nucleic Acid

very large organic molecule that contains the instructions cells need to carry out all the functions of life.

Nucleotide

building block of DNA and RNA

Vitamin

act as helper molecules in a variety of chemical reactions in the body

Mineral

nutrient that is not made by living things

Water

the most important nutrient in the body because all chemical reactions take place in this substance

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