5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Open rule
- Division vote
- Party vote
- Double tracking
- a there are two measures of such voting. By the stricter measure, a party vote occurs when 90 percent or more of the Democrats in either house of Congress vote against 90 percent or more of the Republicans. A looser measure counts as a party vote any case where at least 50 percent of the Democrats vote together against at least 50 percent of the Republicans.
- b Setting aside a bill against which one or more senators are filibustering so that other legislation can be voted on.
- c Literally, "I forbid." It refers to the power of a president to disapprove a bill; it may be overridden by a two-thirds vote of each house of Congress.
- d an order from the House Rules Committee in the house of Representatives that permits a bill to be amended on the legislative floor.
- e A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the legislative leader elected by party members holding a minority of seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate.
- A congressional voting procedure in which members shout "aye" in approval or "no" in disapproval; allows members to vote quickly or anonymously on bills
- an expression of congressional opinion without the force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate but not of the president. Used to settle housekeeping and procedural matters that affect both houses.
- a second primary election held in some states when no candidate receives a majority of the votes in the first primary; the runoff is between the two candidates with the most votes. Runoff primaries are common in the South.
- the legislative leader elected by party members holding the majority of seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate (alternate name).
5 True/False Questions
Riders → Amendments on matters unrelated to a bill that are added to an important bill so that they will "ride" to passage through Congress. When a bill has lots of riders, it is called a Christmas-tree bill
Whip → Literally, "I forbid." It refers to the power of a president to disapprove a bill; it may be overridden by a two-thirds vote of each house of Congress.
Simple resolution → A rule used by the Senate to end or limit debate. Designed to prevent "talking a bill to death" by filibuster. To pass in the Senate, three-fifths of the entire Senate membership (or sixty senators) must vote for it.
Restrictive rule → an order from the House Rules Committee in the House of Representatives that sets a time limit on debate and forbids a particular bill from being amended on the legislative floor.
Standing committees → committees on which both representatives and senators serve. An especially important kind of joint committee is the conference committee made up of representatives and senators appointed to resolve differences in the Senate and House versions of the same piece of legislation before final passage.