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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Joint committees
  2. Double tracking
  3. Simple resolution
  4. Filibuster
  5. Runoff primary
  1. a An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the Senate from taking action on it. From the Spanish filibustero, which means a "Freebooter," a military adventurer.
  2. b Setting aside a bill against which one or more senators are filibustering so that other legislation can be voted on.
  3. c a second primary election held in some states when no candidate receives a majority of the votes in the first primary; the runoff is between the two candidates with the most votes. Runoff primaries are common in the South.
  4. d committees on which both representatives and senators serve. An especially important kind of joint committee is the conference committee made up of representatives and senators appointed to resolve differences in the Senate and House versions of the same piece of legislation before final passage.
  5. e An expression of opinion either in the House of Representatives or the Senate to settle housekeeping or procedural matters in either body. Such expressions are not signed by the president and do not have the force of law.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an order from the House Rules Committee in the house of Representatives that permits a bill to be amended on the legislative floor.
  2. A rule used by the Senate to end or limit debate. Designed to prevent "talking a bill to death" by filibuster. To pass in the Senate, three-fifths of the entire Senate membership (or sixty senators) must vote for it.
  3. the legislative leader elected by party members holding the majority of seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate (alternate name).
  4. A congressional voting procedure that consists of members answering "yea" or "nay" to their names. When roll calls were handled orally, it was a time-consuming process in the House. Since 1973 an electronic system permits each House member to record his or her vote and learn the total automatically
  5. A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted.

5 True/False questions

  1. Restrictive ruleA congressional voting procedure in which members shout "aye" in approval or "no" in disapproval; allows members to vote quickly or anonymously on bills


  2. Vetoa senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking, rounds up members when important votes are to be taken, and attempts to keep a nose count on how the voting on controversial issues is likely to go.


  3. Discharge petitionA device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had a bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor. If a majority of the members agree, the bill is discharged from the committee. The discharge petition was designed to prevent a committee from killing a bill by holding it for too long.


  4. Parliamenta national legislature composed of elected representatives who choose the chief executive (typically, the prime minister).


  5. Voice votethere are two measures of such voting. By the stricter measure, a party vote occurs when 90 percent or more of the Democrats in either house of Congress vote against 90 percent or more of the Republicans. A looser measure counts as a party vote any case where at least 50 percent of the Democrats vote together against at least 50 percent of the Republicans.


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