5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Discharge petition
- Majority leader (floor leader)
- Cloture resolution
- Party vote
- Division vote
- a there are two measures of such voting. By the stricter measure, a party vote occurs when 90 percent or more of the Democrats in either house of Congress vote against 90 percent or more of the Republicans. A looser measure counts as a party vote any case where at least 50 percent of the Democrats vote together against at least 50 percent of the Republicans.
- b A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted.
- c A device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had a bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor. If a majority of the members agree, the bill is discharged from the committee. The discharge petition was designed to prevent a committee from killing a bill by holding it for too long.
- d the legislative leader elected by party members holding the majority of seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate (alternate name).
- e A rule used by the Senate to end or limit debate. Designed to prevent "talking a bill to death" by filibuster. To pass in the Senate, three-fifths of the entire Senate membership (or sixty senators) must vote for it.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the ability of members of Congress to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature (frank) for postage.
- a formal expression of congressional opinion that must be approved by both houses of Congress and by the president. Joint resolutions proposing a constitutional amendment need not be signed by the president.
- an expression of congressional opinion without the force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate but not of the president. Used to settle housekeeping and procedural matters that affect both houses.
- an order from the House Rules Committee in the house of Representatives that permits a bill to be amended on the legislative floor.
- Congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose
5 True/False questions
Congress → Amendments on matters unrelated to a bill that are added to an important bill so that they will "ride" to passage through Congress. When a bill has lots of riders, it is called a Christmas-tree bill
Bicameral legislature → a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts. The U.S. Congress is a bicameral legislature composed of a Senate and a House of Representatives.
Minority leader → there are two measures of such voting. By the stricter measure, a party vote occurs when 90 percent or more of the Democrats in either house of Congress vote against 90 percent or more of the Republicans. A looser measure counts as a party vote any case where at least 50 percent of the Democrats vote together against at least 50 percent of the Republicans.
Conference committees → Congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose
Veto → Literally, "I forbid." It refers to the power of a president to disapprove a bill; it may be overridden by a two-thirds vote of each house of Congress.