Islam

Created by rpigula15 

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Muhammad

Prophet chosen by angel Gabriel to spread Islam

Abraham

Must sacrifice a chosen son to prove his loyalty to God.

Isaac

Abraham's son the he chose to sacrifice - according to CHRISTIANITY

Ishmael

Abraham's son who he chose to sacrifice - accoring to ISLAM

Hagar

Worked for Muhammad and his wife. Muhammad had son Ishmael with her

Sarah

Muhammad's wife whom he had Isaac with.

Abu Bakr

Muhammad's close friend who took the rule after Muhammad died

Angel Gabriel

Told Muhammad that his job was to spread the word of Allah, one god. All three religions share the story of Gabriel.

The four 'Righty Guided' Caliphs

Abu Bakr - Friend of Muhammad. Chooses Umar to rule on deathbed.

Umar - Assassined in 644 and was Muhammad's greatest enemy. He spread Islam the most over his rule.

Uthman - Assassined by Egyptians in 656

Ali Abi Talib - Murdered in 661

12 Arabian Tribes

Moses/ Jesus

12 Tribes of Israel

Muhammad

Prophet

Interpereter through who the will of God is expressed

Islam

Monotheistic. The Muslim world

Allah

Meaning one God, God=all powerful

Muslim

A member of the nation of Islam, a believer to Islam

Imam

The person who leads prayers in a mosque

Caliph

Political leader of the Islamic Empire

Sunni

Against rule just because of relation to previous ruler. (Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, etc.)

Shi'a

Doesn't care if you rule just because of relation to previous ruler (Iran, Iraq, etc.)

Ka'aba

The simple house of worship in Mecca

The prophets according to Islam

Adam -> Noah -> Abraham -> Moses -> Jesus -> MUHAMMAD

Tawaf

One of the Islamic rituals of Pilgrimage

Kiswah

The black/gold cloth that drapes over the Ka'aba in Mecca

Jamarat

Stoning of the Devil

Ihram

Clothing - draped towels

Shari'a

Islamic Law

Koran

Central religious text of Islam

Umayyads

First great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of Caliphate (661-750 AD)

Abbasids

Second dynasty in Islam (750-1258)

Dome of the Rock

from here Muhammad ascended into heaven

Al-Andalus

A Muslim-ruled region in what is now Spain, established by the Berbers in the eighth century A.D.

5 Pillars

declaration of faith, praying, fasting, charity, and travel to Mecca and visit the Hajj

What are the characteristics of pre-Islamic Arabia that heped lead to the rise of Islam?

Silk Road = Wealth = Corruption

Shahada

Declaration of faith

Salat

Prayer

Zakat

Alms giving

Sawm

Fasting during Ramamdan

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Mecca

Circle the Ka'aba

It was an act of the prophet, Abraham

Running between the hills

An act of mother trying to find water for her son, and what a struggle it was.

Mount of Mercy

On the 3rd day of the Hajj Pilgrimage. Muslims sit or stand for an entire day near the Mount of Mercy, asking Allah for forgivness for any sins they are comitted

Stoning on Satan

To get rid of the Devil and all things bad

Circling the Ka'aba

Ritual

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Mecca

3 inventions that came from Al-Andalus

1 Foundations; 2 Islamic art; 3 Philosophy; 4 Sciences; 5 Medicine

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