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ellipsis

replacement of words (...)

epigram

short saying, that usually contrasts

euphemism

gentler way of saying something

exposition

setting, time, place, introduction of characters; usually occurs at the beginning

extended metaphor

continuing metaphor

figurative language

simile, metaphor, personification, etc.

figure of speech

specific figurative language

generic conventions

always know, usual

genre

category (drama, prose, poetry)

grotesque

people or events characterized by disfigures

hermeneutics

study (theory) of definitions, interpreting words

homily

lecture, sermon

hyperbole

exaggeration, over statement

litotes

opposite of hyperbole, under statement

imagery

image with words

imperative

command

in media res

in the middle; story that starts in the middle

inference/infer

to draw a conclusion

invective

abusive language

irony

dramatic irony (audience knows something the character does not), situational irony (opposite of what it suspected), and verbal irony (wit)

jargon

special language of a profession or group

language

form of communication

omniscient narrator

know thoughts and feelings of all characters

limited omniscient narrator

know thoughts and feelings of one person

literal

accurate/exact definition

loose sentence

informal, relaxed; main idea at the beginning of the sentence

lyrical

song-like, subjective, emotional, imagination

metonymy

reference to something through something else

modify

limit/restrict meaning

foil

opposite of the main character

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