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WHAP Chapter 13

What was the impact of the rise of the samurai on the peasantry in japan?

Japanese peasants were reduced to the status of serfs bound to the land they worked

which of the followign weakened imperial power in jap?

fujiwara

which of the following statements concerning the relationship of the imperial court to the provincial military elite is most accurate

in the absence of an imperial military force, law and order broke down leading both the emperor and high officials to hire provincial lords and their military retainers

in what year did the han emperor conquer the first korean kingdom of choson

109 bce

Samurai were

mounted troops who served the provincial military elite.

The Tale of Genji described

the life at the imperial court at Heian.

what kingdom was successful in establishing a unified and independent government in Korea

Silla

How did the principles of warfare change under the daimyos?

Warfare based on spying, timely assaults, wise command and organization of massive armies replaced heroic combat.

what was the political result of the wars that destroyed the Ashikaga Shogunate

division of Japan into three hundred little states under the daimyos

The development of regional power bases in Japan among the warrior elites of the countryside corresponded to what events in China?

The decline of the Tang dynasty.

which of the following Chinese cultural traits was NOT introduced into Vietnam following the Han conquest of 111 BC

Chinese insistence on the nuclear family

What gov. replaced the Kamakura regime in the early 14th century?

Ashikaga shogunate

The end of the Gempei wars signaled the beginning of

the Japanese feudal age.

Which of the following was NOT a difference between the Viet and Chinese cultures prior to their conquest by the Han emperors

Viet tendency to extended families and clan groups

What was the Status of Women during the Era of the Daimyos

While daughters of the Bushi often received some martial training, under the daimyos women were excluded from inheritance and treated as defenseless appendages of their warrior fathers or husband.

what was the central purpose of the reforms of 646 in Japan

to remake the Japanese monarch into an absolutist Chinese-style emperor

Which of the following statements concerning the rise of a provincial military elite during the tenth century in Japan is NOT correct?

The rise of the provincial elite corresponded to the recovery of the imperial government and its overthrow of the aristocracy of the court.

what title was given to the military leader of the bakufu at Kamakura

shogun

Following the assertion of Vietnamese independence from China in the tenth century, what aspects of Chinese culture were retained by the Vietnamese rulers?

The Chinese administration based on the Confucian examination system.

what group so threatened the security of the Japanese imperial court in the eighth century that the imperial family moved to Heian

Buddhist monks

which of the following was a critical factor in the failure of the Chinese to hold or assimilate the Viatnamese

the failure of Chinese cultural imports to make an impact on the peasantry

Which of the following statements concerning the Korean bureaucracy under the influence of China is most accurate

Korea established a Confucian examination system on the Chinese model, but admission to the bureaucracy was determined almost exclusively by birth rather than test scores.

During the period of warring daimyos, what was the factor that led to a revival of Chinese influence on the cultural level?

Zen Buddhism

what was the immediate impact of the imperial move to Heian

the aristocracy was restored to counterbalance the power of the Buddhist monasteries and took over most of the positions in the central government

Explain the three-tiered government system.

Real power rested in the Hojo family, who manipulated the Minamoto shoguns, who in turn claimed to rule in the name of the emperor who lived at Kyoto.

what was the religious preference of the Korean elite

Buddhism

The nature spirits of Japan were called

Rami.

warrior leaders in the tenth century in Japan who controlled provincial areas and ruled from small fortresses in the countryside were called

bushi

what religion played a key role in the transmission of Chinese civilization to Japan

Buddhism

What were the reforms enacted in 646 that intended to thoroughly incorporate Chinese culture and political structure into Japanese society

Taika

What was the political result of the Vietnamese drive to conquer regions south of the Red River basin

the division of the Vietnamese into two kingdoms with capitals at Hue and Hanoi

What was the relationship between the Ashikaga Shogunate and the emperor

...fought the emperor at Kyoto who refused to recognize the authorities and drove him to the mountain town of Yoshina while setting up a puppet emperor in the old capital of Kyoto

In 838 the Japanese

ceased to send official embassies to the Chinese emperor.

Which of the following statements concerning the nature of warfare among the bushi is most accurate?

Battles hinged on man-to-man duels of great champions typical of the heroic stage of warfare.

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