Bill of Rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges. Especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.
individual freedoms guaranteed to the people primarily by the Bill of Rights
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees a reality for all people or groups of people. For example prohibitions of discrimination.
a citizen of another country; strange, foreign
Due Process Clause
A clause to the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments that says no person shall be deprived of "life, liberty or property" without due process of the law.
Process of incorporation
The process of including most of the Bill of Rights into the 14th amendment's Due Process Clause
the First Amendment guarantee that the government will not create and support an official state church
Free Exercise Clause
the First Amendment guarantee that citizens may freely engage in the religious activities of their choice
a tort consisting of false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person
words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government
Urges resistance to lawful authority or advocates overthrowing the government.
censorship of or punishment for the expression of ideas before the ideas are printed or spoken
a law which gives reporters some protection against having to disclose their sources or reveal other confidential information in legal proceedings
nonverbal communication, such as burning a flag or wearing an armband. The Supreme Court has accorded some symbolic speech protection under the first amendment.
The carrying of signs, which tell of an unfair labor practice or strike, by union members in front of the employer's business.
to bring together in groups, to gather.
the government may not regulate assemblies on the basis of what might be said.
right of association
the right to associate with others to promote political, economic, and other social causes.