Hip, Knee and Ankle Muscles

Created by asiadean 

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iliacus

o: superior iliac fossa
i: lesser trochanter and shaft below
N: femoral

psoas major

o: transverse processes of L1-L5 and bodies of T-12-L5
i: lesser trochanter and shaft below
N: femoral

rectus femoris

o: ASIS and ilium above acetabulum
i: TT via patellar tendon
N: femoral

sartorius

o: ASIS
i: proximal anteromedial surface of tibia
N: femoral

biceps femoris

o: long head- ischial tuberosity short head: lateral linea aspera
i: head of fibula and lateral condyle of femur
N: sciatic

semitendinosus

o: ischial tuberosity
i: proximal anteromedial surface of tibia
N: sciatic

semimembranosus

o: ischial tuberosity
i: posterior proximal medial surface of medial condyle of tibia
N: sciatic

gluteus maximus

o: posterior crest of ilium and lateral surface of sacrum and coccyx
i: gluteal tuberosity and IT band
N: inferior gluteal

gluteus medius

o: lateral, outer portion of ilium
i: superior, lateral greater trochanter
N: superior gluteal

gluteus minimus

o: lateral, outer, lower ilium
i: anterior border of greater trochanter
N: superior gluteal

tensor fasciae latae

o: anterior iliac crest
i: IT band
N: superior gluteal

gracilis

o: inferior ramus of pubis
i: proximal anteromedial surface of tibia
N: obturator

pectineus

o: superior ramus of pubis
i: pectineal line of femur
N: femoral

adductor brevis

o: inferior ramus of pubis
i: distal pectineal line and proximal medial lip of linea aspera
N: obturator

adductor longus

o: body of pubic ramus
i: middle of medial lip linea aspera
N: obturator

adductor magnus

o: inferior pubic ramus and ischial tuberosity
i: linea aspera, medial supracondylar line, adductor tubercle
N: obturator

vastus lateralis

o: intertrochanteric line, anterior/inferior greater trochanter, gluteal tuberosity, proximal linea aspera
i: TT via patellar tendon
N: femoral

vastus medialis

o: medial lip of linea aspera and medial supracondylar ridge
i: TT via patellar tendon
N: femoral

vastus intermedius

o: proximal anterior shaft of femur
i: TT via patellar tendon
N: femoral

popliteus

o: posterior lateral condyle of femur
i: proximal posteromedial aspect of tibia
N: tibial

hip joints

pubic symphysis, femoral joint, sacroiliac joint

knee joints

tibiofemoral, tibiofibular, patellafemoral

gastrocnemius

o: medial head- posterior medial condyle of femur; lateral head- posterior lateral condyle
i: posterior surface of calcaneus via Achilles tendon
N: tibial

plantaris

o: lateral supracondylar line and posterior lateral condyle
i: posterior calcaneus
N: tibial

soleus

o: posterior proximal fibula and posterior proximal tibia (on soleal line)
i: posterior calcaneus w/ tendon of gastrocnemius
N: tibial

tibialis posterior

o: proximal interosseus membrane and adjacent surfaces of tibia and fibula
i: lower inner surface of navicular and cuneiform bones, bases of 2-5 metatarsals (plantar surface)
N: tibial

peroneus longus

o: head and proximal surface of lateral fibula
i: lateral/plantar surfaces of base of 1st metatarsal and medial cuneiform
N: superficial peroneal

peroneus brevis

o: distal lateral fibula
i: plantar surface 5th metatarsal)
N: superficial peroneal

extensor digitorum longus

o: lateral condyle of tibia, head of fibula, and upper anterior fibula
i: four tendons to middle and distal phalanges toes 2-5 (dorsal surface)
N: deep peroneal

flexor digitorum longus

o: middle posterior tibia
i: bases of distal phalanges toes 2-5
N: tibial

flexor hallucis longus

o: posterior middle fibula
i: base of distal phalanx of hallux
N: tibial

extensor hallucis longus

o: middle anterior and medial fibula
i: base of distal phalanx of hallux
N: deep peroneal

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