God, Arabic word
Founder of Islam, considered the greatest prophet in Islam
A monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in 7th century, means "submission to the will of Allah"
A follower of Islam, means "one who has submitted"
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to (Yathrib) Medina
An Islamic place of worship
A pilgrimage to Mecca, performed as a duty by Muslims
The holy book of Islam
An Islamic model for living, based on the life and teachings of Muhammad
A body of law governing the lives of Muslims
Shrine in Mecca
Islamic holy city in present-day Saudi Arabia
Earlier name for the city Yathrib. Muhammad moved here from Mecca in the migration known as the Hijrah.
Five Pillars of Islam
Declaration of faith, prayer, alms, fasting, and pilgrimage
A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
A dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire from 661 to 750 and later established a kingdom in al-Andalus.
The branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendents as the rightful successors of Muhammad
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
A Muslim who seeks to achieve direct contact with God through mystical means
A dynasty that ruled much of the Muslim Empire from 750 to about 1250.
A Muslim-ruled region in what is now Spain, established by the Berbers in the eighth century A.D.
Members of a Muslim dynasty that traced its ancestry to Muhammad's daughter Fatima. They built an Empire in North Africa and Syria in the 10-12th century.
House of Wisdom
Combination library, academy, and translation center in Baghdad established in the 800s.
Art of beautiful handwriting