Dred Scott V Standford
court decision which confirmed that status of slaves as property rather than citizens
ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilities were equal
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
Held that "Separate, but Equal" was not constitutional, 1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Regents of the University of California v Bakke
Held that a racial quota system for any institution is considered unlawful, however, upheld the rejection of Bakke to University of California.
Adarand Constructors v Pena
decision holding that federal programs that classify people by race, even for an ostensibly benign purpose such as expanding opportunities for minorities, should be presumed to be unconstitutional
Parents v. Seattle School District
race cannot be used to assign students because doing ws not "narrowly tailored" to achieve a "compelling" goal
Boy Scouts of America v Dale
A private organization may ban gays from its membership.
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg
busing is an appropriate remedy for the problem of racial imbalances in schools as are quotas, gerrymandering district lines. An Affirmative burden to show non descrimination
Gratz v. Bollinger
Struck down use of "bonus points" for race as used in undergrad admissions at University of Michigan.
Mapp v. Ohio
Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.