comparing dissimilar things without the use of "like" or "as".
incongruity (mismatch) between what actually happens and what might be expected to happen, especially when the disparity seems absurd or humorous
comparing dissimilar things using the world "like" or "as".
giving human qualities to inanimate objects
using words in sequence that repeat the same initial consonant sound.
hints within the text of events that will take place later in the story
an apparent contradiction
the character whose quest forms the main idea of the plot.
the turning point of a story; the highest point of interest or tension.
the problem that drives the plot of the story to its conclusion
the disentangling of the intricacies of the plot, the falling action.
the villain of a story
the introduction of a story, where the author presents his characters in their setting and hints at the contral conflict.