a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to emphasize strong feeling or to create comic or satiric effects
"the giant who was my father . . . a hundred strong men strained beneath his coffin"
hyperbole in "The Funeral"
a contrast between what appears to be and what really is
her mother spent her days sewing sleeves for ski jackets
irony in "My Mother, Who Came from China, Where She Never Saw Snow"
an implied comparison between things essentially unlike
"Night is an African juju man"
metaphor in "O Daedalus, Fly Away Home"
language expanded beyond its usual literal meaning to achieve emphasis or to express a fitting relationship between things essentially unlike. A figurative expression usually contains a stated or implied comparison.
"wet brown bag of a woman" . . . "wrapped up like garbage"
figurative language in "Miss Rosie"
the author's attitude, stated or implied, toward a subject or audience
satirical: criticizing Mr. Artesian for the ridiculous lengths he goes to to save time
tone in "Mr. Artesian's Conscientiousness"
the repetition of initial and stressed sounds at the beginnings of words or in accented syllables. It creates melody, establishes mood, calls attention to certain words, and points up similarities and contrasts
"From the molten golden notes"
assonance in "The Bells"
"What a tale of terror, now, their turbulency tells!"
alliteration in "The Bells"
repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in stressed words or syllables
a reference to a person, thing, event, situation, or aspect of culture, real or fictional, past or present.
Apache chief and WWII paratroopers
allusion in "Birthday"
the representation in language of sense experience: what can be seen, heard, touched, tasted, and smelled
"red hat . . . alarm bells . . . walking in the rain . . . sausages, bread, and pickles"
imagery in "Warning"
a figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are directly compared, usually with the words "like" or "as"
"White as cow's milk" and "Silence will fall like dews"
simile in "Velvet Shoes"
a performance of words, a dance designed to delight, dazzle, amuse and move you
the repetition of word-ending sounds; specifically, the repetition of accented vowel sounds plus any succeeding sounds
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed sounds in speech and writing
a metrical foot with an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable
Poe's "The Raven": "Once upon a midnight dreary,/while I pondered weak and weary"
a metrical foot containing one unaccented syllable followed by an accented one
Eliot's "The Ad-dressing of Cats": "You've read of several kinds of Cat/And my opinion now is that"
a three syllable measure consisting of two unaccented syllables followed by one accented one
a three syllable foot with one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
the use of words having sounds that suggest their meaning or which imitate the sound associated with them
"How they clang, and clash, and roar!"
onomatopoeia in "The Bells"
M. T. Buckley
author of "Birthday"
the author's birth
subject of "Birthday"
author of "My Mother, Who Came from China, Where She Never Saw Snow"
immigrants who labor in sweat shops creating things they don't understand
subject of "My Mother, Who Came from China, . . . "
author of "Mr. Artesian's Conscientiousness"
people in business who try desperately to save time
subject of "Mr. Artesian's Conscientiousness"
Edna St. Vincent Millay
author of "The Courage that My Mother Had"
author of "Velvet Shoes"
walking in the snow
subject of "Velvet Shoes"
Edgar Allan Poe
author of "The Bells"
four different kinds of bells: 2 happy and 2 frightening
subject of "The Bells"
T. S. Eliot
author of "The Ad-dressing of Cats"
the way to talk to and about cats, which is different from addressing dogs
subject of "The Ad-dressing of Cats"
author of "Warning"
rebelling against propriety and convention in old age; being free to be yourself and not always do the appropriate or acceptable thing
subject of "Warning"
courage and a golden broach
two possessions of the speaker's mother in "The Courage that My Mother Had"
give him a dish of cream, caviar, or potted grouse
the way to get a cat to treat you as a trusted friend according to T. S. Eliot