a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
the way in which changes are added to the Constitution, 2/3 vote in congress, 3/4 of states
federal law is supreme over state law; law of the land
the branch of government that makes the laws.
the branch of government, headed by the president, that carries out the nation's laws and policies
the branch of government that interprets the laws
Consent of the Governed
the people agree to obey the laws and the government they create
A system in which when more than half of the people vote the same way, they get what they want
Rule of Law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
Individual Rights are protected
protection of individual rights
political system in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
Freedom of Choice
Means that you can make decisions independently and must accept the consequences of those decisions.
The idea that certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens
Separation of Power
The division of a central government into three branches, each having its own responsibilities and authorities., the division of basic government roles into branches.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
The Legislative Branch
The Executive Branch
The Judicial Branch
Article of the Constitution that regulates the states' powers, and their interaction with the National government. Full Faith Credit.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
states have to respect and enforce the judicial rulings of other states.
Goals of the Preamble
1) More perfect union. 2) Establish justice. 3) Insure domestic tranquility. 4) Provide for the common defense. 5) Promote the general welfare. 6) Secure the blessings of liberty.