changes, corrections, additions to a document.
Bill of Rights
first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Checks and Balances
system to prevent branches of government from becoming too powerful
set of laws that determine powers and duties of government
people who lend money
people who owe money
steep drop in economic activity
taxes on imports and exports
people who supported ratification of the Constitution
people who opposed to ratification of the Constitution
a system in which more than one half of a group holds the power to make decisions binding the entire group.
How many states had to ratify the Articles of Confederation before the government could take effect?
All of them!
in 1784 which country closed the lower Mississippi River to US shipping.
Who was elected president of the Constitutional Convention?
What word or words is NOT found in the Constitution?
The U.S Constitution is the oldest ________ in the world.
Written National Constitution
A __________ occurred when America's _______ from Britain were larger than its ________ to Britain.
A trade imbalance occurred when America's imports from Britain were larger than its exports to Britain.
The ____________called for: Two houses in the Legislature, one elected by the people based on pop. of each state and the other appointed by the lower house, an Executive appointed by the Legislature, and a Judicial branch appointed by the legislature.
The Virginia Plan
The _________called for: One house where each state would get one vote and representatives would be appointed by the state legislatures, an Executive appointed by the Legislature, and a Judicial branch appointed by the Executive.
New Jersey Plan
__________are supporters of the Constitution.
The _______________ had ______________for the government and gave power to each state.
The Articles of Confederation had limited powers for the government and gave power to each state.
What did the 3/5 compromise do?
It helped decide how the population for the states worked in the lower house of congress
What did The Federalist Papers do?
They reassured people that rights of each state would not overpower the federal government.
What is Federalism?
It is distribution of power between the central government and states.
How many of the 13 states had to ratify the Constitution in order for it to go into effect?
Interstate commerce is trade conducted between_________
two or more states.
A ___________ is a government in which the head of state is elected and the people hold the political power.
What is Inflation?
It is when individual states issue too much paper money.
The Northern delegates agreed to allow slave trade to continue for 20 years because...
the Southern delegates dropped the demand that laws in Congress had to pass with a two-thirds majority vote.
Southern states threatened to withdraw from the Union if an _________ was ______________.
Southern states threatened to withdraw from the Union if an immediate ban was imposed on the slave trade.
What did Congress do to help pay international war dept, and operate federal Government.
They asked for money.
What was the reason of the 1787 Constitutional Convention?
To revise the Articles of Confederation.
James Madison encouraged the legislators to put together a __________ to reassure the people of their rights.
Bill of Rights
To become a state in the Northwest Territory, there had to be at ________________in that territory to be eligible and they had to come up with a _____________________________________ Slavery was made illegal in the new lands.
To become a state in the Northwest Territory, there had to be at least 60,000 free inhabitants in that territory to be eligible and they had to come up with a constitution to be approved by Congress. Slavery was made illegal in the new lands.