WH PCHS CH 8

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WH CH 8.Revolutions in Europe and Latin America

proclaim

to announce publicly or formally

Simon Bolivar

"The Liberator"

pernicious

harmful, injurious

peninsulares

members of the highest social class in Spanish America

creoles

European-decended Latin Americans

ideologies

system of thought and belief

mulattoes

people of African and European descent in Spanish America

recession

period of reduced economic activity

denounce

to express harsh criticism of something or somebody

radicals

people who favor extreme change

autonomy

self-rule

mestizos

people of Native American and European descent in Spanish America

emerge

to arise, appear, or come out of

Louis Phillippe

The "Citizen King" of France

universal manhood suffrage

giving all adult men the right to vote

agitator

someone who attempts to arouse feeling for or against something

bourgeoisie

middle class

Toussaint L'Ouverture

leader of slave revolt in Haiti

Father Miguel Hidalgo

creole priest in Mexico who raised his voice for freedom

Father Jose Morelos

a mestizo who called for wide-ranging social and political reform in Mexico

Jose de San Martin

a creole who helped Argentina win freedom from Spain

Dom Pedro

emperor of Brazil an independent monarchy from 1822 until 1889

arduous

difficult

erroneous

mistaken, wrong

incentive

reason for doing something

succulent

juicy, tasty

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