Genitourinary system chapter 11

74 terms by Ladylion1490

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cyst/o vesic/o

bladder

glomerul/o

glomerulus

lith/o

stone, calculus

meat/o

opening, meatus

nephr/o ren/o

kidney

pyel/o

renal pelvis

ur/o

urine, urinary tract

ureter/o

ureter

urethr/o

urethra

andr/o

male

balan/o

glans penis

epididym/o

epiddiymis

orch/o orchi/o orchid/o test/o

testis- plural, testes

preine/o

perineum- area between scrotum- or vulva in the female and anus

postat/o

prostate gland

spermat/o sperm/o

spermatozoa, sperm cells

varic/o

dilated vain

vas/o

vessel; vas deferens; duct

vesicul/o

seminal vesicle

albumin/o

albumin, protein

azot/o

nitrogenous compounds

bacteri/o

bacteria-singular, bacterium

crypt/o

hidden

gonad/o

gonads, sex glands

kal/i

potassium- an elecrolyte

keton/o

ketone bodies-acids and acetones

noct/o

night

olig/o

scanty

-cide

killing

-genesis

forming, producing,origin

-isais

abnormal condition- produced by something specified

-ism

condition

-spadias

slit,fissure

-uria

urine

dia-

through, across

retro-

backward,behind

anuria

absence of urine production or urinary output

azotemia

retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds-urea, creatinine, and uric acid- in the blood; also called uremia

dysuria

painful or difficult urination, commonly described as a "burning sensation" while urinating

end-stage renal disease (ESRD)

condition in which kidney function is permanently lost

enuresis

involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontinence

hydronephrosis

abnormal dilation of the renal pelvis and the calyces of one or both kidneys due to pressure from accumulated urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in the urinary tract

nephrotic syndrome

loss of large amounts of plasma protein, usually albumin by way of urine due to increased permeability of plasma protein, usually albumin by way of urine due to increased permeability of the glomerular membrane

nocturia

excessive or frequent urination after going to bed

oliguria

diminished capacity to form and pass urine, resulting in inefficient excretion of the end products of metabolism

polycystic kidney disease (PKD)

Inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys

vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)

disorder caused by the failure of urine to pass through the ureters to the bladder, usually due to impairment of the valve between the ureter and bladder or obstruction in the ureter

anorchidism

congenital absence of one or both testes; also called anorchia or anorchism

aspermia

failure to form or ejaculate semen

balanitis

inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis

epispadias

malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis

hydrocele

accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity, especially the testes and associated structures

hypospadias

developmental anomaly in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis or, in extreme cases, on the perineum

phimosis

stenosis or narrowing of preputial orifice so that the foreskin cannot be retracted over the glans penis

vaticocele

swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord

electromygraphy (EMG)

measures the contraction of muscles that control urination using electrodes placed in the rectum and urethra

cystoscopy

endoscopy of the urinary bladder for evidence of pathology, obtaining biopsies for tumors or other growths, and removal of polyps

nephtoscopy

endoscopy of the kidney(s) using a specialized, three-channel endoscope that enables visualization of the kidney

urethroscopy

endoscopy of the urethra using a specialized endoscope, typically for lithotripsy or TURP

computed tomography (CT)

imaging technique that rotates an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measures the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles

cystography

radiographic examination of the urinary bladder using a contrast medium

cystometrography

procedure that assesses volume and pressure in the bladder at various stages of filling using saline and a contrast medium introduced into the bladder through a catheter

intravenous pyelography (IVP)

radiographic examination of the kidneys, and urinary tract after IV injection of a contrast medium; also called excretory urography (EU)

kidney, ureter, bladder(KUB) radiography

radiographic examination to determine the location, size, and shape of the kidneys in relationship to other organs in the abdominopelvic cavity and to identify abnormalities of the urinary system

voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)

radiological examination of the bladder and urethra performed before, during, and after voiding using a contrast medium to enhance imaging

dialysis

medical procedure used to filter toxic substances from the patient's bloodstream, such as excess electrolytes and nitrogenous wastes

hemodialysis

method of removing waste substances from the blood by shunting it from the body, passing it through an artificial kidney machine where it is filtered, and then returning the dialyzed blood to the patient's body

peritoneal

removal of toxic substances from the body by perfusing the peritoneal cavity with a warm, sterile chemical solution

nephropexy

fixation of a floating or mobile kidney

orchidectomy

removal of one or both testes; called orchiectomy

transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

surgical procedure that involves inserting a resectoscope into the urethra to "chip away" at the prostate gland to remove the obstruction and flushing out the chips and sending them for analysis to detect possible evidence of cancer

urethrotomy

incision of a urethral stricture

vasectomy

excision of all or a segment of the vas deferens

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