Famous Men of Rome - The Empire - 16-20 Facts to Know

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**Julius Caesar

Roman orator, scholar, statesman, soldier

conquered Gaul and then crossed the Rubicon

Gaul

France; place of Caesar's first great battle

**Veni, vidi, vici

Caesar's message after victory at Zela
"I came, I saw, I conquered"

**Cleopatra

the Queen of Egypt who charmed Caesar and married Mark Antony

**Ides of March

March 15th; day Caesar was assassinated

**Brutus

Caesar's protege and friend; one of the assassins

Mark Antony

notable Roman; famously gave Caesar's funeral oration

Cicero

greatest orator of history; Roman consul

Sergius Catiline

instigated conspiracy to overthrow government

Fulvia

informed Cicero of Catiline's plot

**Triumvirate

three-man ruling body
(Latin: tri-three, vir-man)

**Catiline conspiracy

conspiracy attacked by Cicero

**Empire

A superstate consisting of the core state and the states it has conquered

**naumachia

mock sea battle

**colossal

of immense size

**amphi

on both sides

**sacred

holy

**Horace, Virgil, Ovid, Varius

four Augustan poets

**Livy

Roman historian

**The Aeneid

Rome's national epic, written by Virgil
tells of Trojan hero Aeneas

**Praetorian Guard

elite soldiers who guarded the emperor

Nero

cruel emperor; "fiddled while Rome burned"

Agrippina

mother of Nero; wanted to rule Rome

Britannicus

Nero's stepbrother; true heir to throne

Locusta

made poisons for Roman buyers

**Golden House

Nero's extravagant palace built after fire

Galba

Roman governor of Spain; replaced Nero

Seneca

Nero's tutor accused of plotting against him

Titus

called "Delight of Mankind"; kind emperor

**Colosseum

Flavian Amphitheater

Baths of Titus

spendid baths used by wealthy citizens

Pompeii and Herculaneum

cities destroyed by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius

Pliny the Younger

famous Roman author; wrote about eruption

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