Immunology Exam

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2 types of specific immune response are:
a. Natural resistance, allergic
b. Antigen, antibodies
c. T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes
d. Humoral response & cell-mediated

d. Humoral response & cell mediated

Recognition, specificity, & memory are all characteristics of:
a. Allergies
b. Specific immunity or specific immune response
c. Primary antibody response
d. Autoimmune diseases

b. Specific immunity or specific immune response

The 5 classes of immunoglobulins are:
a. IgG, IgF, IgE, IgC, IgA
b. IgA, IgB, IgC, IgD, IgE
c. IgE, IgH, IgD, IgF, IgG
d. IgG, IgM, IgA, IgD, IgE

d. IgG, IgM, IgA, IgD, IgE

The type of response that is the basis for immunizations is:
a. Anamnestic response
b. Natural resistance
c. Seroconversion
d. Titer

a. Anamnestic response

The second most abundant antibody class is:
a. IgG
b. IgA
c. IgM
d. IgE

c. IgM

When an Rh - mother gives bith to an Rh + baby & the mother's exposure to Rh + cells that stimulates production of anti-D, the result can cause the net Rh + baby to have:
a. Allergies
b. Autoimmune diseases
c. Anamnestic response
d. Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn

d. Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn

An antibody that is directed against self is called:
a. autoantigen
b. autoantibody
c. antigen
d. antibody

b. autoantibody

What 2 major types of lymphocytes bring about the specific immune response?
a. T cells
b. B cells
c. Monoclonial antibodies
d. "a" & "b" are correct

d. "a" & "b" are correct

The lowest concentration of a substance capable of being detected is called:
a. Specificity
b. IgG
c. Sensitivity
d. Inhibition

c. sensitivity

What is given to the mother to prevent HDN?
a. immune globulin (Rh)
b. D+ antigen
c. Heparin
d. None of the above

a. immune globulin (Rh)

The reciprocal of the highest serial dilution showing a reaction is called:
a. Titer
b. Precipitation
c. Complement fixation
d. Seroconversion

a. titer

Physical barriers such as skin & mucous membranes are examples of:
a. Specific immune response
b. Antigens
c. Natural resistance
d. Primary antibody reponse

C. Natural resistance

Recovery from chicken pox or immunization against mumps are examples of:
a. Specific immune response
b. Antigens
c. Natural resistance
d. Primary antibody response

A. Specific immune response

Which is the correct frequency of the ABO blood groups?
a. A-4%, B-45%, O-10%, AB-41%
b. A-10%, B-41%, O-4%, AB-45%
c. A-45%, B-10%, O-41%, AB-4%
d. A-41%, B-10%, O-45%, AB-4%

d. A-41%, B-10%, O-45%, AB-4%

A serum protein that reacts with a foreign substance is called:
a. Antigen
b. T cell
c. Antibody
d. Epitope

c. Antibody

Foreign substance that the immune system provides a defense mechanism for is called:
a. Antigen
b. T cell
c. Antibody
d. Epitope

a. Antigen

Agglutination is the reaction of:
a. Antibodies with antigens
b. A cells with B cells
c. Rh - with Rh + cells
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Factors that influence the development of disease include:
a. Immune status of the individual
b. The overall incidence of the organism
c. The age of an individual
d. All of the above

D. All of the above

An unwanted side affect of many drugs, especially chemotherapies is:
a. Allergies
b. Seroconversion
c. Monoclonial antibodies
d. Immunosuppression

d. Immunosuppression

The portion of the antigen that reacts specifically with the antibody is called:
a. Epitope
b. B-cell
c. Enzyme
d. Complement

a. Epitope

Immunology is:
a. The study of the hormones
b. The study of hematological disorders
c. The study of coagulation
d. The immune processes & immunity

d. The immune processes & immunity

Molecules that are attached to antibodies to produce a visible reaction & may in the form of enzymes, dyes, or radioisotopes are called:
a. Labels
b. Lymphokines
c. Antiserum
d. Hormones

a. Labels

The study of the human blood groups is called:
a. Immunohematology
b. Blood banking
c. Histology
d. "a" & "b" are correct

d. "a" & "b" are correct

Serum that contains antibodies is called:
a. Plasma
b. Allergens
c. Antiserum
d. Anti-O

c. antiserum

Blood grouping using a 2-5% red cell suspension that identifies the ANTIGENS present on the red cells is called:
a. Rh typing
b. Reverse or indirect grouping
c. Forward or direct grouping
d. None of the above

c. Forward or direct grouping

Blood grouping that uses a 2-5% red cell suspension that identifies the ANTIBODIES present in serum or plasma is called:
a. Forward or direct grouping
b. Indirect or reverse grouping
c. Rh typing
d. None of the above

b. Indirect or reverse grouping

In forward or direct grouping, which reaction would give type O blood?
a. Anti-A: +, Anti-B: +
b. Anti-A: +, Anti-B: O
c. Anti-A: O, Anti-B: O
d. Anti-A: O, Anti-B: +

c. Anti-A: O, Anti-B: O

In reverse or indirect grouping, which reaction would give type AB blood?
a. A cells: +, B cells: +
b. A cells: +, B cells: O
c. A cells: O, B cells: O
d. A cells: O, B cells: +

c. A cells: O, B cells: O

True or false:
IgG gives long lasting immunity & is the most highest in concentration in serum

True

True or false:
IgE is the first antibody produced in response to an antigen, but does not provide long lasting immunity

False

True or false:
IgD is present in secretions

False

True or false:
The blood bank department is regulated by the FDA because it is responsible for testing components that will be administered intravenously to patients

True

Quality control guidelines must ensure that the refrigerators, freezers, water baths, centrigues, & any other equipment used for preparing & testing blood components are in proper working condition

True

Standards for good blood banking practice are issued by the American Association of Blood Banks

True

Temperature monitors need only be in place periodically to ensure that blood components are being stored within acceptable ranges

False

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