Animal and Plant Cells, has nucleus
Bacteria Cells, has nucleoid
Change in the nucleotide sequence of the DNA resulting in changes of protein structures and function
Enzyme Active Site
Depends on the 3-D structure of a protein, which is based on its amino acid sequence.
Transfers genetic information from one bacteria cell to another.
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells that are temporarily joined.
Fragments of DNA can be exchanged through breakage and rejoining.
Merging two or more cells to form a Diploid
A cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
A cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
Chromosomes with matching information
Reproductive cells, have only half the number of chromosomes as body cells
The random distribution of the pairs of genes on different chromosomes to the gametes