Leonardo da Vinci
A sculptor, mathematician, architect, and a scientist. Did The Adoration of Magi, The Last Supper, La Gioconda, (Mona Lisa) and Virgin of the Rocks.
Cosimo de' Medici
Took control of Florence in 1434.
Wrote the book The Prince, one of the most influential works on political power in the Western world.
Wrote The Book of the Courtier- qualities of an ideal courtier, or renassiance gentlemen.
Did figures on ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Most famous work is David.
Designed the church of San Lorenzo.
Invented the printing press.
German theologian who led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds.
French theologian and reformer in Switzerland; leader in the Protestant Reformation.
Second son of Henry VII. The declaration that his marriage to Catherine of Aragon was invalid and his marriage to Anne Boleyn (1533) precipitated the Act of Supremacy, making Henry supreme head of the Church in England. Anne Boleyn was executed (1536) and Henry subsequently married Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr. His reign is also noted for the fame of his succession of advisers, Cardinal Wolsey, Sir Thomas More, and Thomas Cromwell.
The rich flowering of European citizens from the 14th century into the 16th century. Renaissance means "rebirth."
An intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history.
Edicit of Worms
Declared Martin Luther to be a heretic and banned the reading or possession of his writings.
The belief that God had determined in advance who will be saved (the elect) and who will be damned (the reprobate).
Council of Trent
The ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic church that met at Trent intermittenly from 1545 to 1563, and defined church doctrine and condemned the Reformation.
A movement that developed in northern Europe during the Renaissance combining classical learning (humanism) with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church.
Peace of Augsburg
Officially ended the religious struggle between two groups and made the legal division of Christendom permanent within the Holy Roman Empire.
The theses of Luther against the sale of indulgences in the Roman Catholic Church.
Act of Supremacy
Granted Henry VIII Royal Supremacy, which means that he was declared the supreme head of the Church of England.
A release from all or part of punishment for sin by the Catholic Church, reducing time in purgatory after death.
Did School of Athens.
A sculpture of Mary cradling the dead Jesus in her lap.
Things on the other side of a line drawn down the middle are the same sized and arranged the same way.
Objects are arranged in a pleasing way according to color.