What was the Ancient order of Hiberians?
They were a catholic men's organization. Their purpose was to aid recent Irish immigrants to America.
What was a city machine?
A political organization that controlled a cities government by providing services to those who are less fortunate(immigrants). Most where democratic and corrupt. EX: Tammany hall- New York's City machine
What was the Order of the Star Spangled Banner?
A secret Nativist group. Their nick name was the "know nothings"
What was the industrial revolution and what leads up to it?
The begining of industry. You have to have an agricultural revolution first to support population, then you have to have a decent transportation system.
Who was Eli Whitney
He created the cotton gin- which made harvesting cotton easier, and interchangeable parts. (1793)
What was the Principle of Limited Liability?
The legal responsibility of the share holders is limited to what ever you paid for it. If something bad happens you are not responsible.
What was the cult of Domesticity?
It was the idea that women are special. Their special place is at home.
What was Lowell Mass. and what was a lowell mill
A town where immagrant women(Lowell girls) were sent to work in factorys called lowell mills. They were very strict.
What was "A rising tide lifts all boats"?
A saying that was used to justify social inequality. As the economy improves, eventually everyone will benefit.
What was Common wealth vs. Hunt?
had the outcome in March 1842, ruled that unions were legal organizations and had the right to organize a strike.
Who was John Deere and what did he do?
He lived in Illinois, in 1847 he produced a steel plow that broke the stubborn sole. They were light enough to be pulled by horse instead of oxen.
Who was Cyrus McCormick
He created the "reaper" in 1831. The reaper was best suited to the fields of the mid west.
What was a turnpike?
A privately funded toll-based public road constructed in the early nineteenth century to facilitate commerce.
Who was Robert Fulton?
He was an engineer. He installed powerful steam engines into vessels that became known as Clermont. They became more popular than the turnpike.
What was the Erie Canal?
New Yorkers that were cut off from federal aid dug the canal. It linked the great lakes and the Hudson river. It was given support by the Governor, Dewitt Clinton. Had a tremendous positive economical effect on the entire northwest and mid-west states.
Who was Cyrus Field?
In 1858, he organized a great Joint Anglo- American - Canadian venture to stretch a cable under the North Atlantic waters from New Foundland to Ireland.
What where clipper ships?
They were small, swift vessels that gave American shippers an advantage in carrying trade.