APUSH chapter 11

20 terms by annedeb

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John Tyler

president in 1841 after W.H.H
believed that president should defer to Congress in the formation of policy
worshipped consistency
opposed Clays measures against Bank and Jackson's aggressive powers of appointment and veto
cooperates with Clay as leader of more immediate representatives
vetoes bank bill, and entire cabinet leaves, so attempts to build his own party

Henry Clay

enemy to John Tyler
considered himself real head of Whigs
federal program that ignored Tyler's states' rights view of Constitution
wanted to set up a new bank of the U.S.

Webster Ashburton Treaty

settle the boundary between Maine and New Brunswick in 1783
British sends Lord Ashburton who wants small part to build military road, and Webster agrees to avoid war
turns out the whole area actually belonged to U.S.
diplomatic triumph - U.S. gets more land as thanks

Stephen Austin

Americans (and Austin) begin to settle in Texas - party of Mexico. (Transcontinental Treaty)
cotton flourishes and free land

Santa Anna

prohibits immigration of of Americans into Texas
marches north to subdue the rebels who oppose this
kill hundreds

Alamo

Americans take refuge behind it (a mission)
Mexicans scale its walls and kill everyone

Sam Houston

in charge of the rebel army - Texans
retreated before Santa Anna's troops and then took a stand and routed them
elected president of Republic of Texas
wanted to be a part of U.S.

Pacific Fur Company

trading posts on the Columbia
in Oregon which was attracting to Americans because it was vaguely defined

Oregon Trail

1840's "Oregon Fever"
torturous path to Oregon from western border of Missouri

Election of 1844

Texas becomes an issue (Calhoun)
Whig - Clay (ignores expanions/texas)
Democrats - James K. Polk (favored expansion)
Polk wins

James Polk

Jacksonian "Young Hickory"
believed in taking Texas and reocuppying Oregon
loweerd tariff of 1842 and restored the independent treasury
obtained Oregon and the great Southwest

Liberty Party

advocate of the abolitionist cause. It broke away from the American Anti-Slavery Society to advocate the view that the Constitution was an anti-slavery document

Treaty with British for Oregon

U.S. notifies British that they will end the joint occupation
they get half of Oregon and both retain free use of Strait of Juan de Fuca
accorded the national interest

Zachary Taylor

Polk orders him into Texas to defend its border during the Mexican War - confusion as to what the border is

Bear Flag Republic

American settlers in the Sacramento Valley seize Sonoma and raise the Bear Flag of the Republic of California

Wilmot Proviso

introduced an ammendment that said that slavery would not exist in new territory
southerners insulted
passed in the House (dominated by Northerners)
defeated in Senate (equal)
Calhoun - gov't has no right to bar slavery from any territory; because territories belong to all the states

Popular sovereignty

Senator Lewis Cass calls for organizing new territories without mention of slavery - leave it to Northern settlers
appeared to be democratic
allowed Congress to escape responsibility of deciding

Election of 1848

Whigs elect Zachary Taylor - no platform, naive and pathetic
Democrats - Lewis Cass - no platform
Van Buren's wing of Democratic party (Barnburners) combine with Liberty party to form Free Soil party - Van Buren
Taylor wins
growing strength of antislavery forces

Free Soil Party

combination of Barnburners (radicals) and could not stomach Cass's willingness to countenance the extension of slavery into new territories
combine with Liberty Party

Gold Rush

James Marshall notices flakes of gold in California
$200 million worth of gold in CA
reflects heady confidence inspired by Guadalupe Hidalgo - era of continental prosperity and harmony
heavy migration
ethnic and racial conflict
makes California become a state to decide themselves about slavery (proposal by Taylor) - choose no slavery

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