A network backbone is the ____________________ that connects the hubs, switches, and routers on a network.
In a(n) ____________________ topology, every node on the network is connected through a central device, such as a hub, router, or switch.
The 10GBase-T standard is considered a breakthrough for transmitting 10 Gbps over ____ medium.
The Ethernet_II frame type contains a 2-byte ____ field which differentiates it from the older Ethernet_802.3 and Ethernet_802.2 frame types.
As part of CSMA/CD, a process known as ____________________ allows the NIC issue a special 32-bit sequence that indicates to the rest of the network nodes that its previous transmission was faulty and that those data frames are invalid.
____________________ is a component of a network's logical topology that determines how connections are created between nodes.
1000Base-T is a standard for achieving throughputs ____ times faster than Fast Ethernet over copper cable.
Because of its support for multiple Network layer protocols and because it uses fewer bytes as overhead, ____________________ is the frame type most commonly used on contemporary Ethernet networks.
In packet switching, when packets reach their destination node, the node ____ them based on their control information.
Within Ethernet frame types, the ____ signals to the receiving node that data is incoming and indicates when the data flow is about to begin.
On an Ethernet network, a(n) ____ is the portion of a network in which collisions occur if two nodes transmit data at the same time.
All Ethernet networks, independent of their speed or frame type, use an access method called ____.