Vocabulary for the College Bound Student Chapter 8

148 terms by xoCarlie 

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au courant

well-informed; up-to-date

blasé

tired of pleasures; bored

bourgeois

1.) having to do with the middle class
2.) concerned with petty, materialistic interests; lacking in culture or refinement

chic

stylish

clairvoyant

1.) clear-sighted; unusually perceptive; discerning
2.) able to perceive matters beyond the ordinary senses

complaisant

willing to please; obliging; amiable

debonair

gracious; courteous; charming; suave

gauche

lacking social grace; crude; tactless; awkward

maladroit

unskillful; clumsy

adroit

cleverly skillful, resourceful, or ingenious

naive

simple in nature; artless; ingenuous

nonchalant

without concern or enthusiasm; indifferent

attaché

member of the diplomatic staff of an ambassador or minister

bourgeoisie

the middle class

chargé d'affaires

temporary substitute for an ambassador

concierge

1.) doorkeeper; custodian; janitor
2.) hotel employee who handles mail, arranges for theater reservations, etc.

confrere

colleague; co-worker; comrade

connoisseur

expert; critical judge

coterie

set or circle of acquaintances; clique

debutante

young person who has just had her introduction into society

devotee

zealous follower; ardent adherent of something or someone; fan

elite

group of individuals thought to be superior; aristocracy; choice part

émigré (émigrée)

refugee; person who has fled from his or her native land because of political conditions

entourage

group of attendants, assistants, or associates accompanying a person

entrepreneur

one who assumes the risks and management of a business

envoy

diplomatic agent or messenger

fiancé (fiancée)

person engaged to be married

gendarme

armed police officer, especially in France and other European countries

gourmand

person excessively fond of eating and drinking; glutton

gourmet

connoisseur in eating and drinking

ingenue

actress playing the role of a naive young woman; naive young woman

maître d'hôtel (maître d')

headwaiter

martinet

person who enforces very strict discipline

nonpareil

person of unequalled excellence; paragon

nouveaux riches

persons newly rich

parvenu (parvenue)

person suddenly risen to wealth or power who lacks the proper social qualifications; upstart

protégé (protégée)

someone taught, protected, or advanced by a person of experience or influence

raconteur

person who excels in telling stories, anecdotes, etc.

valet

manservant who attends to the personal needs of his employer, as by taking care of his clothes

aplomb

absolute confidence in oneself; poise; self-possession

éclat

brilliancy of achievement

élan

enthusiam; eagerness for action

ennui

feeling of weariness and discontent; boredom; tedium

esprit de corps

feeling of union and common interest pervading a group; devotion to a group or to its ideals

finesse

skill and adroitness in handling a difficult situation

legerdemain

sleight of hand; artful trick

malaise

vague feeling of bodily discomfort or illness

noblesse oblige

principle that persons of high rank or birth are obliged to act nobly

rapport

relationship characterized by harmony, conformity, or affinity

sangfroid

coolness of mind in difficult circumstances; composure; equanimity

savoir faire

knowledge of just what to say or do; tact

adieu

good-bye; farewell

au revoir

good-bye; till we meet again

billet-doux

love letter

bon mot

clever saying; witty remark; witticism

brochure

pamphlet; booklet

canard

false rumor; absurd story; hoax

cliché

worn-out expression; trite phrase

entre nous

between us; confidentially

mot juste

exactly right word; most suitable expression

nom de plume

pen name; pseudonym

précis

brief summary

repartee

skill of replying quickly, cleverly, and humorously; witty reply

résumé

1.) brief account of experience and qualifications submitted by an applicant for a position; curriculum vitae
2.) summary

riposte

1.) retort; repartee
2.) in fencing, a quick return thrust after a parry

tête-à-tête

private conversation between two persons

bête noire

dreaded object or person; bugbear

carte blanche

full discretionary power; freedom to use one's own judgment

cause célèbre

famous case in law that arouses considerable interest; issue, person, incident, or situation attracting much attention

contretemps

inopportune occurrence; embarrassing situation; mishap

cul-de-sac

blind alley; dead end

debacle

collapse; disaster; overthrow; rout; fiasco

fait accompli

thing already done

faux pas

misstep; blunder in conduct, manners, speech, etc.

impasse

deadlock; predicament with no obvious way out; stalemate

liaison

1.) bond; linking up; coordination of activities
2.) person who establishes and maintains this connection

mélange

mixture; medley; potpourri

mirage

optical illusion

coup d'etat (coup)

sudden violent overthrow of a government

demarche

course of action (e.g., one involving a change of policy); maneuver

détente

relaxing, as of strained relations between nations

entente

understanding or agreement between governments

laissez-faire

doctrine opposing interference by governments in economic affairs; noninterference

letter de cachet

letter bearing a seal (e.g., of a French king before the Revolution) ordering the imprisonment without trial of a person the letter names

premier

prime minister

rapprochement

establishment or state of cordial relations; coming together

regime

system of government or rule

avant-garde

experimentalists or innovators in any art

bas-relief

sculpture in which the figures project only slightly from the background

baton

rod a conductor uses to direct an orchestra or band

chef d'oeuvre

chief work; masterpiece in art, literature, etc.

denouement

solution ("untying") of the plot in a play, story, or complex situation; outcome; end

encore

audience's demand for an additional performance; repetition or additional performance in response to applause

genre

1.) kind; sort; category
2.) style of painting depicting scenes from everyday life

musicale

social gathering with music as the featured entertainment

palette

thin board (with a thumb hole at one end) on which an artist lays and mixes colors

repertoire

1.) stock of plays, operas, roles, compositions, etc, that a company or individual is prepared to perform
2.) collection

vignette

short verbal description; small, graceful literary sketch

a la carte

according to the menu (bill of fare); dish by dish, from a menu stating the price for each dish

a la mode

1.) according to fashion; stylish
2.) with ice cream

aperitif

alcoholic drink taken before a meal as an appetizer

bonbon

piece of candy

consommé

clear soup; broth

croissant

rich, flaky crescent-shaped roll

cuisine

style of cooking or preparing food

demitasse

small cup for, or of, strong black coffee

entrée

main dish at lunch or dinner

filet (fillet)

slice of meat or fish without bones

hors d'oeurves

light foods served as appetizers before the regular courses of a meal

pièce de résistance

1.) main dish
2.) main item of any collection, series, program, etc.; showpiece

soup du jour

soup served in a restaurant on a particular day

table d'hôte

complete meal of several courses offered in a hotel or restaurant at a fixed price

bouffant

puffed out; full

boutique

small shop specializing in fashionable clothes

chemise

loose-fitting, sacklike dress

coiffure

style of arranging the hair

corsage

small bouquet worn by a woman

cravat

necktie; neckband; scarf

ensemble

complete costume of harmonious clothing and accessories

flamboyant

flamelike; ornate; showy; vivid

toupee

wig; hairpiece to cover baldness

vogue

fashion; accepted style

ambience

surroundings; atmosphere; environment

apropos

by the way; incidentally

apropos

appropriate; relevant; pertinent

avoirdupois

weight; heaviness

bagatelle

trifle

coup de grace

decisive finishing blow

en route

1.) on the way
2.) along the way

etiquette

required social or official usages; code of behavior

facade

face or front of a building, or of anything; false front

fete

festival; entertainment; party

fete

honor with a festival

foyer

entrance hall; lobby; anteroom; vestibule

milieu

environment; setting; surroundings

parasol

umbrella for protection against the sun

par excellence

above all others of the same sort (follows the word it modifies)

passé

old-fashioned; behind the times; outmoded

pince-nez

eyeglasses clipped to the nose by a spring

premiere

first performance

queue

line of persons or vehicles waiting their turn

raison d'être

reason or justification for existing

rendezvous

1.) prearranged meeting place; popular gathering place
2.) prearranged meeting

silhouette

shadow; outline

sobriquet (soubreiquet)

nickname

souvenir

reminder; keepsake; memento

tour de force

feat of strength, skill, or ingenuity

via-à-vis

1.) face-to-face with; opposite
2.) in relation to; as compared with

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