Psychology Chapter 8 Memory Final

19 terms by markod18

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Memory

Memory

learning that has persisted over time, info that has been stored and can be retrieved

Flashbulb Memory

a clear memory of an emotional event

Encoding

processing of info into the memory system

Storage

retention of encoded info over time

Retrieval

process of getting info out of memory storage

Long-Term Memory

relatively permanent storehouse of the memory system; knowledge, skills, experiences

Short-Term Memory

activated memory that hold a few items briefly

Sensory Memory

immediate, brief recording of sensory info in the memory system

Rehearsal

conscious repetition of info

Spacing Effect

tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention

Serial Position Effect

our tendency to recall best the first and last items on a list

Imagery

mental pictures

Mnemonics

memory aids, use vivid imagery and organizational devices

Chunking

organizing items into familiar, manageable units; occurs automatically often

iconic memory

sensory or visual memory; photographic or picture-image memory lasting under a second

echoic memory

sensory or auditory memory; lasting 3 or 4 seconds

amnesia

loss of memory

proactive interference

disruptive effect of prior learning on trying to remember new info

retroactive interference

disruptive effect of new learning on trying to remember old info

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