Clinical use and dosage form terms

89 terms by katrinakoetting 

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fusion

the process of liquefying a substance by the application of heat.

Vaporization

the process of transforming solids or liquids into the gaseous state

evaporation

the process of transforming solids or liquids into the daseous state with or without the aid of an outside stimulus.

distillation

the process of converting a liquid to a vapor and condensing the vapor back into a liquid

desiccation

the process of removing water from substances at low or moderate temperatures

geometric dilution

techniques used to prepare potent drugs by intermittently mixing them with a suitable diluents in a definite proportion by weight

trituration

the process of reducing the particle size of a substance by placing it in a mortar and applying pressure in a rotary motion with a pestle

levigation

the process of reducing the particle size of solids by first forming a paste with a liquid then rubbing the paste with a spatula on an ointment slab.

pulverization by intervention

the process of reducing ta substance to a powder by dissolving it in a small amount of volatile solvent and triturating until dry.

effervescent

a substance that releases carbon dioxide when dissolved in water

deliquescent

a substance that absorbs moisture from the air becoming liquefied

hygroscopic

a substance that absorbs moisture from the air becoming moist and damp without liquefying

eutectic

certain drugs that are solids at room temperature form liquids when mixed together

acute

disease having sudden onset and short course

anatomy

the study of the structures of the body and the relation of its parts

biology

the study of living things both plant and animal

chronic

disease having long duration and slow progress

pathology

the study of abnormal body conditions, causes, processes and effects on the functions of the parts involved

physiology

the study of the function of living things

cavity

hollow place or space in a structure

cranial

pertaining to the head or skull

distal

the part that is farthest from the point of attachment

external

refers to the outside or outer part of a structure

internal

refers to the inside or inner part of a structure

parietal

pertains to the wall of a structure

peripheral

near the surface of the body or its parts

proximal

the part that is nearest the point of attachment

visceral

the structures inside the body.

analgesic

agent that relieves pain

anthelmintic

agent that destroys intestinal worms

antibacterial

agent that destroys or inhibits bacteria growth

antiflatulent

agent that relieves excess intestinal gas

antihyperlipidemic

agent that lowes cholesterol levels

antihypertensive

agent that lowers blood pressure

antipruritic

agent that relieves itching

antipyritic

agent that lowers an elevated body temp

antiseptic

dilute solution applied to living tissue to destrroy or prevetn the growth of microorganisms

antispasmodic

agent that relieves or prevents spasms

antitussive

agent that relieves coughing

astringent

agent that shrinks or constricts body tissue to stop secretions or control bleeding

capsule

a medicated solid dosage form in which drugs and additives are enclosed in a hard or soft gelatin case

carminative

agent that relieves intestinal gad

cathartic

agent that promotes evacuation of the bowels

caustic

agent that causes destruction of tissues at the site of application

counter-irritant

agent that causes irritation or mild inflammation of skin to relieve pain or irritation of a different origin

cream

semi solid emulsion of the water/oil type for external use

demulcent

soothes and relieves irritation or the mucous membranes

diuretic

agent that increases production of urine

disinfectant

concentrated solution that is applied to inanimate objects to inhibit growth of microorganisms

douche

aqueous solution instilled into a body cavity for cleansing and disinfectant actions

emollient

a fatty or oily substance that softens or soothes irritated skin or mucous membranes

emulsion

mixture of two unblendable liquids

enema

a solution placed into the rectum to elicit a local or systemic action

expectorant

agent that removes mucous from the upper respiratory tract

fungicide

an agent that kills fungus

gargle

aqueous solution used to treat a disease of the mouth or throat

gel

semi solid of thick viscous liquid consisting of dispersed particles

germicide

agent that kills bacteria or microorganisms

humectant

agent that keeps substances moist

keratolytic

agent that separated or loosens the horny layer of skin

mouthwash

an aqueous solution used for its cleansing and deodorant action in the oral cavity

parasiticide

agent that kills organisms that grow only on living organisms

paste

concentrates of absorptive powders usually dispersed in petrolatum or hydrophilic petrolatum

pharmaceutical necessity

a substance of little therapeutic value but useful in compounding preparations. binder or filler

placebo

preparation containing no therapeutic active ingredient and is given for its psychological effect

preservative

a substance added to medications to preserve them from bacterial action.

protectant

agent used to cover and protect the skin from harmful or annoying stimuli

rubefacient

agent that causes mild inflammation or reddening of the skin

scabicide

agent that kills mites

tablet

a solid medicated dosage form made by compression or molding

formulary

continually updated list of medications and devices that may be provided by a facility, individualized list of preferred products that represent the safest, most efficacious and most cost effective therapies

formulary system

methods and processes by which a healthcare orginazation evaluated and selects the most medically appropriate and cost effective meds and therapies for different diseases conditions and patients

generic medication

pharmaceutical equivalent to a branded medication that had the identical strength, dosage form, and concentration of active ingredient

brand

under patent or has a trademarked name that appears on the package label

generic substitution

providing a generic medication in place of the brand medication that was written by provider. chemically identical in terms of concentration dosage form and method of administration of active ingredient

medication

any vitamins, drug products, vaccines, or diagnostic and contrast agents used in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of diseases and other abnormal conditions

medication-use evaluation

quality improvement activity that focuses on evaluating and improving medication use processed

P and T committee

an advisory committee of physician, nurses, pharmacists, and other health professionals whose responsibility is to develop manage update and administer a formulary system

therapeutic alternatives

drug products with different chemical structures from other drug products of the same pharmacologic or therapeutic class

therapeutic interchange

authorized interchange of therapeutic alternatives in accordance with the established and approved written guidelines or protocols with in a formulary system

therapeutic substitution

substituting a therapeutic alternative for the prescribed drug product. illegal for a pharmacist to dispense without authorization from the prescriber

open formulary

unlimited access to any medication of their choice

closed formulary

imposes restrictions on the medications the provider may prescribe

selective formulary

open formulary concept but can segregate medications based upon a provider's specialty

DEA number

two letters followed by 7 numbers to prescirbe controlled substance medication. first letter is A or B for physicians, or M for mid-level practitioners

labeling a prescription

patient name, pharmacy name and address, prescriber name, drug name and strength, quantity dispensed, date filled, number of refills, directions for use

National provider identifier (NPI)

to uniquely identify a healthcare provider in standard transactions.

auxiliary labels

used to provide pertinent warnings about the medication. includes route of administration, how to use or store, common side effects, or potential drug interactions

the signa

abbreviation for perscrition
appropriate action verb must be used when interpreting and correct dosage form and route.

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