U.S./VA Government Chapters 5 & 6 Vocabulary

24 terms by lightseeking1 Teacher

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Basic level of vocabulary for these units of government.

Political Party

A group of persons who seek to control the government through the winning of elections.

Major Parties

In American politics, the Democrats and the Republicans

Partisanship

Government action based on firm allegiance to a political party

Party in Power

The party that controls the Executive branch of government, presidency at the national level, governor at the state level.

2 Party System

A political system dominated by two major parties

Plurality

In an election, the number of votes that the leading candidate obtains over the next highest candidate.

Bipartisan

Supported by two parties

Consensus

General agreement among various groups on fundamental matters, broad agreement on public questions

Coalition

A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control the government

One party system

A political system in which only one party exists.

Incumbent

The current officeholder

Faction

A conflicting group; also a subgroup of a bigger group.

Electorate

All the people entitled to vote in a given election.

Splinter parties

Parties that have broken off from another party

Split ticket voting

Voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election

Suffrage or franchise

The right to Vote

Literacy Tests

Tests used to determine ability to read and write to meet qualifications to vote

Poll Tax

Payment of a special tax as a condition for voting

Registration

A procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting

Straight Ticket Voting

The practice of voting for candidates of only one party in an election

Off-year Election

Election in a non Presidential election year

Gerrymandering

The drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group

Political Socialization

The process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions

Independent

Term to describe an individual who have no party affiliation

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