A country in the Middle East. Referred to as Iran since 1935.
A former country in southwestern Asia, now called Iran.
The modern Persian language that is the official language of Iran.
A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
Changing something (art or education or society or morality etc.) so it is no longer under the control or influence of religion.
Voice of God
The opinions or beliefs of the majority.
A monotheistic pre-Islamic religion of ancient Persia founded by Zoroaster in the 6th century bc.
The religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.
A follower of Islam.
Shia Islam, is the second largest denomination of Islam, after Sunni Islam.
Members of the branch of Islam that accept the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad.
The people who leads prayers in a mosque.
Hujjat al-Mahdi is the individual believed by Twelver Shi'a Muslims to be the Mahdi, an ultimate savior of humankind and the final Imam of the Twelve Imams.
1905-1911, leads to creation of Iranian Parliament.
A Shiite religious leader in Iran.
Revolution of 1979
The 1979 overthrow of Iran's monarchy and the establishment of an Islamic Republic.
Constitution of 1979
The constitution put into place after the revolution of 1979 adding a few democratic procedures to the Iranian government.
A Muslim term for a man skilled in Shariah law who has the authority to issue fatwas.
Refers to laws promulgated by Muslim sovereigns, in particular the Ottoman Sultans, in contrast to Sharia, the body of law elaborated by Muslim jurists.
Refers to the educated class of Muslim legal scholars engaged in the several fields of Islamic studies.
A ruling on a point of Islamic law given by a recognized authority.
A war or struggle against unbelievers or the spiritual struggle within oneself against sin.
The Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic.
The traditional portion of Muslim law based on Muhammad's words or acts, accepted as authoritative by Muslims.
Islamic canonical law based on the teachings of the Koran and the traditions of the Prophet, prescribing both religious and secular duties and sometimes retributive penalties for lawbreaking
The chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad.