substance that increases the concentration of H+ ions
substance that decreases the concentration of H+ ions (increases OH- ions)
a substance that resists change in pH
monomer of carbohydrates
monomer of nucleic acids
storage carbohydrate found in animals
monomer of proteins
glycerol + fatty acids + phosphate group
tests for monosaccharides (changes blue to red)
iodine test for starch
tests for complex carbohydrates (organge to black)
identifies materials with at least four peptide bonds (lavender shade)
sudan III solubility test
tests for lipids (mix = lipids b/c nonpolar)
dische diphenylamine test
test for deoxyribose (turns blue)
higher concentration of solutes outside of cell
lower concentration of solutes outside of cell
random motion causes net movement of molecules from an area where they are in higher concentration to an area where they are in lower concentration
cell shrinks due to hypertonic solution
control center, contains genetic information
synthesis of rRNA and ribosomes
small molecules diffuse
regulate gene expression
transports proteins synthesized by ribosomes
synthesizes lipids, carbs, and steroid hormones
packages protein for export from the cell
stores and transports materials
digest worn-out organelles and cell debris; digest material taken up by endocytosis
microbody with enzymes that convert fats into carbohydrates
microbody that contains enzymes that catalyze the removal of electrons and associated H atoms
power plants of the cell
stores proteins, pigments, and waste materials. Regulates water balance.
divides and organizes spindle fibers during mitosis and meiosis
structural support, cell movement, movement of vesicles within cell
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