Chapter 6-Behavioral Learning Theory

28 terms by dancinggrl92 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

learning

A relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge that occurs as a result of experience.

classical conditioning

The association of automatic responses with new stimuli.

unconditioned stimulus

A stimulus that, without prior learning, produces an automatic physiological response.

unconditioned response

A behavior that is produced in response to a stimulus without prior learning. It is typically an automatic physiological response.

conditioned stimulus

A stimulus that, with experience, produces a learned or acquired response.

conditioned response

A response that is linked to a particular stimulus through conditioning by being paired with the stimulus.

operant learning

Actions by a learner, the consequences of which influence further behavior.

Contiguity

A condition in which two events occur at the same time

law of effect

The phenomenon in which behavior that produces good effects tends to become more frequent while behavior that produces bad effects tends to become less frequent.

consequences

The good or bad effects that follow a person's behavior.

Reinforcer

A consequence of behavior that increases or strengthens behavior.

positive reinforcer

Any environmental event that, when given, increases the frequency of a behavior.

negative reinforcer

Any environmental event that, when removed, increases the frequency of a behavior.

reward

Anything given in return for another person's service or achievement.

continuous reinforcement

Reinforcement that is provided after every performance of a behavior.

interval schedule

A schedule of reinforcement based on time.

ratio schedule

A schedule of reinforcement based on the number of behaviors.

fixed interval schedule

A schedule of reinforcement based on the passage of a fixed amount of time.

fixed ratio schedule

A schedule of reinforcement based on the number of behaviors performed.

variable interval schedule

A schedule of reinforcement in which reinforcement is provided at irregular intervals based on the passage of time.

variable ratio schedule

A schedule of reinforcement in which reinforcement is provided at irregular intervals based on the number of behaviors performed.

punisher

A consequence of behavior that weakens or decreases behavior.

Positive punisher

Any environmental event that, when given, decreases the frequency of a behavior

negative punisher

Any environmental event that, when taken away, decreases the frequency of a behavior.

discriminative stimuli

Antecedent cues that allow the learner to predict the likelihood of reinforcement.

shaping

Reinforcement of gradual approximations of the desired behavior.

incentive

An environmental event that attracts a person toward a particular course of action.

prompts

Physical, verbal, or other assists that help a person perform a desired behavior that he or she would be unlikely to perform without such assistance.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set