religion located in Japan and related to Buddhism; focuses particularly on nature and ancestor worship
belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
a religion that does not have a central authority, but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
a large and fundamental division within a religion
the class of distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law
a division of a branch that unites a # of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
the basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church
literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic princiles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or seat)
during the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority live, because of social,legal, or economic reasons
a religion in which a central authority excercises a high degree of control.
an individual who helps to diffuse universalizing religion
the doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god
a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
form of a tribal religion that involved community acceptance of a Shaman, a religious leader, healer, and worker of magic who, through special powers
religion founded in the 6th century B.CE and characterized by the belief that enlightenment would come through knowledge, especially self-knowledge; elimination of greed, craving, and desire; complete honesty; and never hurting another person or animal Buddhism splintered from Hinduism as a reaction to the strict social hierarchy maintained by hinduism.
a relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination
adherents to the largest branch of Islam, called the orthodox or traditionalist. THey believe in the effectiveness of family and community in the solution of life's problems, and they differ from the Shiites in accepting the traditions of Muhammad as authoritative.
adherents of one of the two main divisions of Islam. Also known as Shiahs, the Shiites represent the persian (iranian) variation of Islam and believe in the infallibility and divine right to authority of the Imams, descendants of Ali.
a follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times
the boundaries between the world's major faiths
religion with it's roots in the teachings of Abraham, who is creditted w/ uniting his people to worship only 1 god. Abraham and God have a covenant in which the Jews agree to worship only 1 God and God agrees to protect his chosen people, the Jews
the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, the birthplace of Muhammad
religious fundamentalism carried to the point of violence
the boundaries within a major religion
a worldwide movement, originating in the 19th century that sought to establish and develop a Jewish nation in Palestine. Since 1948, it's function has been to support the state of Israel.
the service and worship of God or the supernatural
religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faithand to influence state policy
one of the oldest religions in the modern world, dating back over 4,000 years, and originating in the Indus River Valleyof what is today part of Pakistan; it's unique among the world's religions in that it does not have a single founder, a single theolgy, or agreement on it's origins.
literally "wind-water". THe Chinese art and science of placement and orientation of tombs, dwellings, buildings, and cities. Cities and structures are positioned in an effort to channel flows of Sheng-Chi(life in breathing) in favorable ways.
a doctrine written within Islam. Commonly translated as "Holy War". Jihad represents either a personal or collective struggle on the part of muslims to live up to religious standards set by the Qu'ran.
Eastern Orthodox Church
1 of 3 major branches of christianity, the Eastern Orthodox Church, together with the Roman Catholic Church, a 2nd of the 3 major branches of christianity, arose out of the division of the Roman Empire by Emperor Diocletian into 4 governmental regions.
religion believed to have been founded by Lao-Tsu and based upon his book entitled "Tao-te-Ching" or "Book of the Way". Lao-Tsu focused on the proper form of politicalrule and on the oneness of humanity and nature.
tower attached to a Muslim mosque, having one of more projecting balconies from which a crier calls muslims to prayer.
place or space people infuse w/ religious meaning
a set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
the systematic killing or extermination of an entire people or nation
a journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes
1 of 3 major branches of Christianity. Following the widespread societal changes in Europe starting in the 1300s CE, many adherents to the Roman Catholic Church begun to question the role of religion in their lives and opened the door to protestant reformation
1 of 3 major branches of christianity, arose out of the division of the Roman Empire by Emperor Diocletian into 4 governmental regions. In 1054 CE, Christianity was divided into Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church.
Belief system in which multiple dieties are revered as creators and arbitors of all that exists in the universe.
a philosophy of ethics, education, and public service based on the writings of Confucius and traditionally thought of as one of the core elements of chinese culture.
a religion that attempts to appeal to all people not just those living in a particular location
religion based on the teachings of Jesus. According to Christian teaching, Jesus is the Son of God, placed on Earth to teach people how to live according to God's plan
the youngest of the major world religions, Islam is based on the teachings of Muhammad, born in Mecca in 571 CE. According to Islamic teachings, Muhammad recieved the truth directly from Allah in a series of revelations during which Muhammad spoke the verse of the Quran ,the Islamic holy book.
from the Greek "to dispose", a term describing forceful or voluntary dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place. Originally denoting the dispersal of Jews
the system of Islamic law, sometimes called Qu'ran law, unlike most western systems of law that are based on legal precedence, Shari'a is based on varying degrees of interpretation of the Qu'ran
a religion w/ relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be basedon the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.