Classical I

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1730-1770

The pre-classical period

1770-1820

The fully developed classical music style

1750-1820

Classicism as a stylistic period

Philosophers and writers

believe that reason was the best guide to human conduct

Carl Phillipp Emanuel Bach and Johann Christian Bach

two of the more important pre-classical composers.

J. C Bach

not considered a master of the classical period

Haydn

content to spend most of his life serving a wealthy family as a skilled servant.

Classical music

basically homophonic

Composers in the classical period

did not use terraced dynamics in their compositions

Composers in the classical period

took middle-class tastes into account by; using folk and popular music, writing comic operas that ridiculed the aristocracy, and writing dance music for public balls

Basso Continuo

was not the nucleus of the instrumental ensemble during classical

Classical compositions

were favored by folk and popular music, heroic and mythological plots, and elaborately ornamented melodies.

The prospering middle class

sought aristocratic luxuries such as theater, literature, and music

Concert des Amateurs

was an organization conducted by the Chevalier de Saint-Georges devoted to presenting public concerts.

Because of the political and social uprisings

there was more demand for printed music.

Vienna in 1800

was the fourth-largest city in Europe, seat of the Holy Roman Empire and had a Population of almost 250,000.

Comic operas

sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy

In Vienna

Haydn and Mozart became close friends

The typical orchestra of the classical period

consisted of strings, woodwinds, horns, trumpets and timpani

Trombones

were not normally included in the classical orchestra.

A symphony

is a sonata for orchestra

Sonata form

is used as the form for the first movement of a multi movement work

Sonata form

consists of exposition, development, and recapitulation often followed by a concluding section known as the coda.

The second theme of the exposition

does not return in the recapitulation exactly the same.

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