Esthetician- practice test

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A colorless gel like substance that contains ; water, salt and nutrients obtained from foods.

Protoplasm

The outer surface of the cell

Cell Membrane

The production department of the cell

Cytoplasm

The study of the structre function and disease of the muscles

Myology

The fluid part of the blood in which red+white blood cells and blood platelets are suspended

Plasma

Humann cells that divede in half

Mitosis

The process of buliding up larger molecules drom smaller ones. During theis phase the body stores water, food and oxygen

Anabolism

The process of breaking down larger moleculs or substances into smaller ones

Catabolism

Tissues cover and protect the body's surfaces and internal organs

Epithelial

Anatomy

Study of the organs and systems of the body

Carries messages to and from the brain and cvrdenates body fuunctions

Nerve Tissue

Contracts when stimulated to provide motion

Muscular Tissue

Supply's the blood with oxygen

Lungs

Circulates the blood

Heart

Controls all body functions

Brain

Carries food waste products+hormones

Liquid Tissue

Which forms of tissue supports+protects and holds the body together

Connective Tissue

Removes the toxoc by; products of digestion

Liver

Basic units of life

Cells

Eliminates water and waste products

Kidneys

Provides the framework of the body

Skelteal

Moves the body

Musscular

Circulates blood through the body

Circulatory

Supplies nurrients to the body

Digestive

Eliminates waste from the body

Excretory

Sends and recives messages

Nervous

Controls breeathing

Respiratory

Controlls growth health and reproduction

Endocrine

Generates new life to perpetuate the species

Reproductive

Skeletal system

206 Bones

Covers and protects the entire body

Integumentary

What bone extends from the top of the eyes to the top of the head and forms the forehhead

Frontal

Located behind the eyes and nose and connects all the bones of the carnium

Sphenod

The ____ is the largest organ in the body

Skin

Spmgy bone between eyes that forms part of the nasal cavity

Ethmoid

Bones form the crown and upper sides of the head

Parietal

Bones that are located on the either side of the head directly above the ears and below the parietal bones

Temporal

Bones that form the back of the skull indenting above the nape

Occipital

Which system is the physcical foundation of the body

Skeletal

The study of bones

Osteology

Two bones that form the upper check and the bottom of the eye socket

Zygomatic

Two bones of the upper jaw

Maxillae

The two bones that join to form the bridge of the nose

Nasal

Lower jaw and the largesst bone of the facial skeleeton

Mandible

Muscles located in front of the ear

Auricularis Anterior

Muscle located above the ear

Auricularis Superior

Muscle located behind the ear

Auricularis Posterior

Located under the eyebrows canlans the eyebrow drawing them in front

Corrugator

Located below the coner of the mouth draws the coners of the mouth down, expressing sadnessssssssssss

Triangularis

Located above the corners of the mouth raises the angle of the mouth

Caninus

Below the lower lip. Pulls the lower lip down on to the side as in expressing sarcasm

Quadratis Labii inferioris

Circles the mouth and contracts, pukers+wrinkles the lips

Oris Orbicularis

Above the eyelids opens the eyelid

Levator Palpebrae Superiris

Between the jaw and check compresses the cheek to release air

Buccinator

Extends from the tip of the chin to the shouldrdes and chest ans depresses the lower jaw

Platysma

Runs across the front of the lower part of the rradius and the ulna. Turns palm of the hand downwand and inward

Pronator

Located above and in front of the ear and opends and closes the jaw

Temporalis

Covers the shoulders , turns the arm and turns it

Deltoid

Eight small bones held together by ligmwnts to form the wrist or carpus

carpus

Lifts up depressor-drwns down

Levator

Bone located on the little finger side of the lower arm

Ulna

Muscle extends from the forehead to the top of the skull. Raises eyebrow

Frontails

The muscles respond to conscious commands

Voluntary

Muscles respond automtically to controll various body functions

Non-striated

The non-moving portion of the muscle attached to the bones or other fixed muscle

Origin

Human cells respond by mdivding in half a process redevolped as to

Mitosis

The protion of the muscle joined to movable attachements, bones movable muscles or skin

insertion

Bands of fibrous tissue that attach the muscle to the bones

Tendons

Strong bonds of something tissue that connects the bones to each other

Ligaments

The control center of the cell actracitives sometghin something important for reprodeletion

Nucleus

Muscles are located at the nape of the neck the scalp and back

Occipitalis

5 long thin bones that form the palm of the hand

metacarpals

the smaller bone on the thumb side of the lower arm or forearm

radius

largest bone of the upper arm extends from the elbow to the shoulder

humerus

bony cage made up of spine

thorax

muscular organ that seperates the chest cavity from the adbomen

diaphragm

the vesseles that take nutrients and oxygen from the arteries to the cells and take waste products from the cell to the veins

capillaries

tubular elastic thin walled branching vessels that carry oxygen depleated blood from the capillaries to the heart

veins

tubular elastic thick walled branching vesseles that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart thru the body

arteries

spongy muscles composed of cells into which air enters when u inhale

lungs

stores the waste for evenual eliminate thru the anal canal

large intestine

begins the brakdown of nutrients

small intestine

the organs where digestion occurs

stomach

passage between the pharanx and the stomach

esophagus

passage to the stomach and lungs

pharynx

brake down of food

salivary glands

the nerves of the face that are affected during facials

trigeminal or trifacial, accessory

carry messages from the brain to the muscles

motor or efferent nerves

carry messages to the brain and spinal cord

sensory or afferent nerve

threadlike fibers extendeding from the cell

axons

short fibers extending from the nerve cell

dendrite

nervous system which slows the heart rate dialates blood vesseles and lowers blood pressue

parasympathetic nervous system

part of the central nervous system and controls the respiratory, digestive,circuulatory, excretory endocrine system

autonomic nervous system

long nerve fibers that orginate in the base of the brain and extend to the base of the spine

spinal cord

the nervous system is made up of 3 sub system

central or cerebbrospinal nervous system....peripheral nervous system....autonomic nervous system

supplies blood to the sides and top of the head and branches into 5 smaller arteries

superfical temporal

muscle located above the ear

auricularis superior

the smaller bone on the thumb side of the lower arm or forearm

radius

5 long thin bones that form the palm of the hand

metacarpals

there are____ bones that compose of the facial skeleton

14

bony cage made up of spine

thorax

largest bone of the upper arm that extends from the elbow to the shoulder

humerus

the 8 small bones held together by ligaments to form the wrist

carpals

sends and receives messages

nervous

controlds growth health and reproduction

endocrine

spongy bone between eyes that forms part of the nasal cavity

ethmoid

located behind the eyes and nose and connects all the bones of the carnivm

sphenoid

what bones extends from the top of the eyes to the top of the head and forms the forehead

frontal

skeletal system

206 bones

covers and protects the entire body

integumentary

study of bones

osteology

2 bones of the upper jaw

maxillae

bones that are located on either side of the head directly above the ears and below the parietal bones

temporal

which system is the physical foundation of the body

skeletal

microbiology

..., the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans

the study of small living organisms

microbes

bacteria

one celled microorganisms

pathogenic

disease producing bacteria

non patogenic

non disease bacteria

saprophytes

nonpathogenic bacteria that live on dead matter

bacteria single cells with one fof 3 shapes

circular,spiral,rod shapped

cocci

spherical or round shaped bacterial cells,which appear singularly or in groups

staphylococci

, pustles,and boils pus forming bacterial cells that form grape like clusters and are present in abscesses pustules and boils

streptococci

pus forming bac. cells form in long chains can cause septicemia blood poisoning,strep throat,rheumatic fever

diplococci

bac. cells that grow in pairs and cause certain infections ,pneumonia......think d =double

bacilli

most common form of bac. bar or rod shapped cells that can produce a variety of diseases including tetanus,bacteria influenza,yphoid fever tuberculosis, diphtheria... think b =bar

spirilla

spiraled,coiled,corkscrew shaped bac. cells that cause highly contagious disease such as syphilis and cholera...think s=spirilla

active stage

bacteria grows fast

bacailli and spirilla have the ability to move themseves using hair like projections

flagella

virus

replicates itself only within cells of a living host

virus cannot live on there own they need

host cells

hipatits b

highly infectious disease that affects the liver

aids

highly infectious disease which interferes with the bodys natural immune system and causes it to break down

external parasities

organisms that grow and feed on other living organisms which are refred to as host...head lice..itch mites..scabies

infection

the growth of a parasitic organism within the body

pathogens

..., disease producing microorganisms

tuberculosis

a contagious and fatal infection caused by airborne bacteria that first effect the lungs

local infection

present in a small confined area often indicated by a pus filled boil pimple or inflamation= little

general infection

occurs when the circulatory system carriers bacteria and there toxins to all parts of the body think general=giant

using consistent infection control procedures for all clients is called

universal precautions

immunity

the bodys ability to destroy infectious agents that enter it

natural immunity

a partially inherited natural resistance to disease. ahealthy body produces white blood cells and antibodies to fight disease causing agents

passive acquired immunity

thru the injections of antigens which stimulate the bodys immune response...polio

levels of infection control

..., sanitization
disinfection
sterilization

infection control

term used to describe efforts to prevent the spread of disease and kill microbes.

efficacy

the ability to produce results effectiveness

sanitation

lowest level removes debre

disiinfection

using produucts that kill or destroy bacteria and a broad spectrum of virus

osha requires epa reg. disin. with an efficacy against hiv and hbv or tuberculocidal

...

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