Diego Rivera review

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1920's and 1930's

What were the decade(s) of the Mexican Mural Renaissance

1907-1921

In what years was Diego Rivera in Europe to study

Vasconcelos

Minister of Education under Obregon who hired Rivera to paint murals for the government.

Siqueiros and Orozco

Last names of the other so called "big three" of the Mexican Muralists

Tejuantepec

Region of Mexico visited by Rivera that opened his eyes to the lush life and culture of Mexico and the strength of its artistic heritage

True Fresco

Art form Rivera learned by studying in the churches and palaces of the Italian Renaissance

Pre-Columbian

The term given to art and culture of Central and Latin America. This art form and cultural heritage were celebrated in Rivera's work

Posada

The commercial artist who died in relative obscurity, but his illustrations were broadly popularized in newspapers and magazines. Rivera admired him and his work and incorporated it into his own

Zapata and Pancho Villa

Leaders of the Mexican revolution who's images appear in Rivera's work depicted as heroes

Chapingo

Name of the chapel at the agricultural school where Rivera painted (according to the film) "Nature and Revolution" and a "New faith" in the new social order

To Rivera it was a public art form accessible to and created for the people

Why murals (according to the film)

National Palace in Mexico City

On the walls of this Mexican government building, Rivera painted the History of Mexico from its Aztec Heritage to the 1930's

Edsel Ford

Rivera's Detroit Institute of Arts Mural depicts the River Rouge Ford plant and was commissioned by

Lenin

The Rockefeller Center (NYC) Mural was commissioned by Norman Rockefeller, but was destroyed because Rivera insisted on including this person's face

The Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City

Rivera later recreated the destroyed Rockefeller Center Mural where

Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Park

In this mural, painted later in Rivera's life, he paints himself as a curious child holding death's hand in alliance with Posada

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