the Mediterranean's largest island, colonized from the eighth century BC by Greeks and Carthaginians who frequently warred with each other or the island's native people.
a mountain range in Italy, extending across the length of the entire peninsula from northwest to southwest. Highest peak, Monte Corno, 9585 ft. (2922 m).
A plain on the west coast of Italy on which the city of Rome was built
a river flowing southward from north-central Italy across the Latium plain, and into the Tyrrhenian Sea.
This is where the Etruscans lived, it's north of Rome.
a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch
divisions in the Roman army consisting of 6,000men; subdivided into groups of 100 with leaders called centurions
this is what the common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up a majority were referred to as.
top government officials in the Roman Empire
Roman officials who interpreted the law and acted as judges
Roman rulers who rule with total authority, but who served the people and only ruled during times of great danger
Phoenician state on the coast of North Africa
ancient city in southeastern Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 BC
Site in northern Africa where the Roman army defeated the Carthaginian army in 202 BC`
large farming estates
a political alliance of three people
a small river at the southern boundary of Caesar's command area
location of naval battle, on the west coast of Greece, in which Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra
200 years of peace and prosperity in the Roman Empire that began with Augustus and lasted until A.D. 180
a human-made channel for carrying water long distances
A river in Western Europe that flows from eastern Switzerland into the North Sea.
The second-longest river of Europe. It flows from southern Germany east into the Black Sea.
one of the largest port cities in Italy on the Bay of Naples
Seaport of Rome
system of money