Religions that attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location.
Religions that appeal primarily to one group of people living in on place.
Branch (Religious Branch)
A large and fundamental division within a religion.
A division of a branch of a religion that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
Sect (Religious Sect)
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
The belief that there is only one god
The belief that there is more than one god.
Traditional religions that tend to believe in inanimate objects or natural events. All things have a living spirit.
Individuals who help to transmit a universalizing religion through relocation diffusion.
The word for a follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times; A person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions
A city neighborhood set up by law to be inhabited by Jews.
A journey for religious purposes to a place considered sacred.
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church
A religion that is self-sufficient and interaction among communities is confined to little more than loose cooperation and shared ideas.
A literal interpretation and a strict and intense adherence to basic principles of a religion.
The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu was assigned according to religious law. Movement through the hierarchy is traditional done by rebirth.
A system of beliefs that attempts to order our life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities.
Indifference to or rejection of organized religious affiliations and ideas.
One of the oldest religions in the modern world, dating back over 4000 years, and originating in the Indus River Valley of what is today part of Pakistan.
Religion characterized by the belief that enlightenment would come through self-knowledge, elimination of greed, craving and desire, complete honesty, and never hurting another person or animal.
Religion located in Japan that focuses particularly on nature and ancestor worship.
Philosophy founded by Lao-Tsu who believed that people should live in harmony with nature and live simple, tranquil lives.
The Chinese art and science of placement and orientation of tombs, dwellings, buildings, and cities.
Religion with its roots in the teachings of Abraham, who is credited with uniting his people to worship only one god.
The forceful dispersal of Jews from Jerusalem after the city was destroyed by the Romans.
The movement to unite the Jewish people of the Diaspora and to establish a national for them in the promised land.
A religion based on the belief that Jesus, the son of God, was placed on Earth to teach people how to live according to God's plan.
A religion based on the teachings of Muhammad, who spoke the verses of the Qu'ran.
A place that people infuse with religious meaning.
Tower attached to a Muslim mosque, having one or more projecting balconies from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer.
The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, the birthplace of Muhammad.
Boundaries between the world's major religions.
Boundaries within a single major faith.
Religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy.
Religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy, but are carried to the point of violence.