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Fixed Dollar Sign

dollar sign appears all the way in the left of the cell

Floating Dollar Sign

dollar sign appears just to the left of the number of "floats" depending on how big the number is

Currency

uses floating dollar signs

Accounting

uses fixed dollar signs

Fill Handle

copies formula, adjusting the cell reference, also copies the format of the cell

exploded

pie chart with one slice offset

=IF(D2=100, 0, SUM(A2:A5)

write an IF function: if cell D2 is equal to 100, place a 0 in the cell, if not, sum a range of cells.

freezing worksheet titles

useful technique for viewing large worksheets that extend beyond the window - freezes the row titles and column titles

#

indicates an error in a formula related to an inaccurate cell reference

=IF(A14<90, "you did not get an A", "you got an A")

write an IF function: if the score is less than 90, the cell should display you did not get an A. Otherwise the cell should display you got an A.

=IF(A14>=90, "you got an A", "you did not get an A")

write an IF function: if the score is less than 90, the cell should display you did not get an A. Otherwise the cell should display you got an A.

absolute cell reference

cell reference will not change when you copy it - it is absolute

relative cell reference

cell reference will change when you copy it - it is relative to the active cell

first data cell

the cell you should select when you want to freeze the titles - just below the column headings and just to the right of the row titles

$ are used in the cell name

the way to indicate a cell is an absolute reference - EXAMPLE: $F$21

F4 key

after you key the cell F21 - if you press F4 - Excel will add the dollar signs to make an absolute cell reference

IF Function

useful function when you want to assign a value based on a logical test - you can use < <= = >= > or <>

Cell References

ALWAYS use cell references whenever possible in functions and formulas so the value only needs to be changed once.

Range Finder

method of checking formulas for accuracy - double click the cell

NOW function

date and time function - you must format it to display the way you choose - returns the computer system date and time

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