Chp 4 Sec 1

15 terms by Bench-CP6 

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Geography and Early Egypt

The Gift of the Nile

a Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt this; the river's floods allowed people to farm- giving them food/life.

The Nile

longest river in the world; over 4000 miles long; runs from central Africa to the Mediterranean Sea (south to north)

Upper Egypt

the southern region, located upriver in relation to the Nile's flow

Lower Egypt

the northern region, located downriver in relation to the Nile's flow

cataracts

rapids; a series of cataracts made sailing difficult in southern Egypt

delta

a triangle-shaped area of land made from soil deposited by a river; 2/3 of Egypt's fertile farmland was in the delta

The floods of the Nile

happened once each year in Lower Egypt (in the fall) and Upper Egypt (mid-summer); covered the area with rich silt

the black land

what the Egyptians called their country (because of the fertile soil)

the red land

what the Egyptians called the desert beyond the river valley

4500BC

small farming villages begin to develop in Egypt

natural barriers

protection from invaders: the deserts to the east and west, the Mediterranean to the north, the Red Sea to the east, and the cataracts to the south

Two Kingdoms

Upper and Lower Egypt- each had its own ruler and capital city, Upper Egypt's king wore a white crown and Lower Egypt's king wore a red crown

Menes

3100BC; rose to power in Upper Egypt; invaded Lower Egypt and united the two kingdoms into one; wore a double-crown ; built a new capital in Memphis; married a princess from Lower Egypt

pharaoh

the title used by the rulers of Egypt; means "great house"

dynasty

a series of rulers from the same family

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