Arab-Israeli notes

45 terms by gtrimpe16

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3 religions that trace back to Abraham

Judaism, Islam, Christianity

Abraham's 2 sons

Isaac (Sarah), Ishmael (Hagar). Isaac's descendants are Jews, Ishmael's descendants are the Muslims

Palestine

present day Israel- was controlled by the British in WWI

Ottoman empire

Made of primarily Muslims; used to take up what's now know as Israel

Immigration

coming Into a nation

Emigration

Exiting a nation

What's the fight over?

LAND!

British promised the land to these people

Jews and Palestinians

Why did Jews want Palestine?

God promised the land to them and temples they built there years ago still contained the arc of the covenant

Zionism

desire for Jewish state (started in late 1800's); populartiy grew after holocaust

Zionist

a supporter of Zionism

Partition plan

1947- UN splits Palestine into two countries; Israel was created for the Jews. Plan passed (Arab nation protest and warS break out)

Reasons the UN divided the land the was they did

1. population
2. fresh water
3. fertile land

Independence War

1948: Arab neighbors attacked. Israel was prepared and took land from them to push enemies away

Palestinian Refugees

went into neighboring countries for support

Refugees

People fleeing their countries looking for a safe place to go because of famine, war, and natural disaesters. They are extremely poor and left to the mercy of the nation they go to

four neighboring nations that attacked

Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, and Egypt

Green line

AKA Pre-1967 boundary; between Israel and West bank, splits Jerusalem in half

Six day War

1967: Israel launched attacks against neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, and Syria; PREEMPTIVE STRIKE

land Israel seized in six day war

Sinai peninsula and Gaza strip from Egypt, west bank from Jordan, Golan heights from Syria

Israel's prime minister

Begal

Egypt's President

Anwar Sadet

Negotiated for Israel and Palestine

Jimmy Cater

Camp David Accords

1978: peace agreement. Israel got peace and recognition; Egypt got peninsula back

Western wall

last part left of the Jew's temple

Dome of the rock

marks the place mohammad rose into heave and where Abraham almost sacrificed his son

Temple mount

what Jews call the sacred hill in Jerusalem and where the first two temples were built.

Noble sanctuary

what Muslims call the hill in Jerusalem

old city

the first parts of the city, Jerusalem

Jerusalem, borders, settlements, refugees, water

five reasons blocking peace

Holy sites

temple mount, western wall (retaining wall), dome of the rock, noble sanctuary,

reparations

payment for harm done

aquifers

water for wells

Hamas

terrorist political group in Gaza strip that kicked the PA out only supported by Syria

Palestinian Authority

negotiates with Israel; based in West Bank

Palestinian Liberty Organization

changed their name to the PA

Oslo 1

laid out long term goals- eventual withdrawal from WB. Israel wants recognition and Pal. wants recognition.

2007

gaza battle

2006

Hamas won elections in Gaza

Oslo 2

omitted key issues- Palestinians got more land. IN norway

Yassar Arafat

leader of hamas. negotiated in Oslo accords

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin

negotiated in olso accords for Israel

Arab spring

Hosni-Mubarak was forced to step down from power and flee

Wye Accords

in america. some Palestinian prisoners were released, gave Palestinians more control and two safe passages to Gaza,

contiguous nation

connected nation

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