Ancient India Study Guide 1

36 terms by ds1911 

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Manu

First king of India. Title of a few Indian kings. Carried to India by a flood

The Khyber Pass

In central Asia, a gap in the Northern Mountains (32 mile long pass)

Ganga (Ganges River)

Major river, the two rivers that formed the Indus Valley Civilization

Indus River

In the northwest, flows through India

Harrapa

Harrapan city (possibly most powerful), traded with Ur, located on the Ravi River, city in the Indus Valley Civilization

Mohenjo-Daro

Harrapan city, south, located on the Indus River, "mounds of the dead"

Lothal

Harrapan city, capital of the southern providence, port city

Aryans

Indo-European pastoral nomadic group who invaded India, made the Vedas, gambling, horsemanship, and fighting, migrated from Russia

Bharatas

One of the strongest Aryan tribes

Bharat

India; named after the Bharatas tribe

Vedic Age

Named after the Vedas, 1500-1000 BCE

Vedas

A four book collection of sacred texts by the Aryans

Arya

Pure or noble

Rajas

Chief

Maharajas

Great chief

Veda (literal definition)

Knowledge

Rig Veda

Section in the Vedas

Janapada

Tribes with land

Krishna

Sage/god, impregnates the queens two daughters, takes on two forms: Arjuna and Vyasa

Arjuna

Arjuna- Middle brother of the Pandavas, known for his might, skilled in archery

Mahabharata

Story of a great civil war among several Aryan tribes, Indian epic, longest epic, Pandavas vs. Kauravas

Epic Age

Named after the two epics: Mahabharata and Ramayana, 1000-500 BCE

Vira

Herioc Warrior

Bhagavad Gita

Famous section of the Mahabharata, means "song of the lord", conversation between Arjuna and Krishna about dharma (duty)

Megasthenes

Greek ambassador, wrote on Brahmins

Purusha

A cosmic man, parts of his body became the world- the head was where the Brahmins came from,

Deccan

The dry plateau below the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges

Magadha

The state below the curve of the Ganga

Brahmins

Priests that were responsible for the rituals and maintaining the cultural tradition

Kshatriyas

Rulers and warriors

Vaishyas

Traders, farmers, craftsmen

Shudras

Servants (served the twice-born)

Varnas

Four varnas: kshatriyas, Brahmins, vaishyas, and shudras

Twice Born

Allowed to wear the sacred thread and participate in special religious rituals and promised an afterlife in heaven

Jana

Tribe

Mahajanapada

16 kingdoms, "great tribes with land"

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