Rehabilitation I - Reading professional literature

63 terms by tonyamwc

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Past personal experience

what are sources of knowledge for literature

Objective evidence (research)

what are sources of knowledge for literature

Experts in the field

what are sources of knowledge for literature

That's how its always been done (history)

what are sources of knowledge for literature

Applied research

what has immediate functional application

Basic research

what is aimed at acquiring new knowledge for curiosity's sake

Independent variables

what is the type of treatment in an experiment

Dependent variable

what is the result of a change in an experiment

To establish cause and effect

what is the goal of experimental research

Case studies

what involves one person or group. Records what happened

Case studies

what is another name for anecdotal evidence

Developmental Research

what is studies that show how chacteristics/behaviors change with age, growth or maturation

Longitudinal Studies

what follows one person or group over a long period of time

Normative Research

what is used to determine standards or norms

Qualitative Research

what studies about complex behavior or psychology

Correlation Research

what attempts to determine whether a relationship exists between 2 variables and to what degree

Correlation Research

what cannot establish cause and effect

Correlational coefficient

what equals measurement of relationship between variables

-1.0 to 1.0

what does correlational coefficient range from

0

what is no correlation

close to 1.0

what is strong direct relationship (as one goes up the other goes up)

close to -1.0

what is strong indirect relationship (as one goes up the other goes down)

Hypothesis

what is a statement of the potential relationship between variables

Null Hypothesis

what predicts that there is no relationship between variables

Theory

what is a statement of relationship between variables which has been verified to some extent

Law

what is a theory that has reached a level of unwavering consistency

Control

what is it when the researcher attempts to limit the effect of multiple variables, to look at the effect of the indep variable on the depend variable; an attempt to simplify the research problem

Experimental Group

what is a group that gets the treatment being tested

Control Group

what is a group that gets the placebo or standard treatment

Validity

what is the degree to which an instrument measures what it is supposed to measure

Placebo effect

what are threats to Validity

Sampling bias or too small of a sample

what are threats to Validity

Experimenter bias

what are threats to Validity

Lack of experimental control

what are threats to Validity

Hawthorne effect

what are threats to Validity

Placebo effect

what works because you think it does

Sampling bias or too small of a sample

what is it when groups differ on certain variables from the start

Experimenter bias

what is it when the expected outcome influences the result

Lack of experimental control

what is it when reserchers failed to account for variables that could have influenced the results (confounding variables)

Hawthorne effect

what is it when the subjects knowledge of the experiment influences the result

Double Blind Study

what is it when both the subjects & researchers are unaware of group assignments

Double Blind Study

what helps eliminate many threats to validity

Gold Standard

what is something with established validity that can be used to measure the validity of something else

Reliablility

what is the degree of consistency of a test

Interrater reliability

what is between two people to get the same answer

Intrarater reliability

what is the ability of one person to get the same answer with repeated tests

Measurement errors

what are threats to reliability

Recording errors (documentation)

what are threats to reliability

Lack of a standardized method

what are threats to reliability

Sensitivity

what is a test's ability to identify who does have a disorder

Negatives

good sensitivity = few false what

Sensitivity

0.90 means that test identifies 90% of the people who have a disorder

Specificity

what is a test's ability to correctly identify who does not have a disorder

Positives

good specificity = few false what

Specificity

0.90 means that 90% of the positive tests are correct

Letter

what is something that anyone can write their own opinon

Editorial

what is something that someone the group choose to have write

Case Study

what is anectodotal evidence

Clinical Trial

what is testing in the clinic

Randomized Controlled Trial

what are groups called

Review

what is a summary of what many studies say about a topic

Meta-Analysis

what is the best type of Journal article

Meta-Analysis

what is a review that considers each studies reliability and validity to determine the strength of evidence

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