What did Chinese do when they were out of work?
Some went to China
Some went to Canada
Some worked in smaller railroads
What were the types of jobs that Chinese did when they went to San Fran?
Worked in factories, cigar makers, clothing makes, shoe makers, fishing and cannery and agriculture.
1870s Western States Economic Depression
Severe Drought, crops failing, businesses failing, farmers couldn't buy luxury items
White blamed Chinese
Taking jobs away and holding down wages
Reaction of White Americans to the Chinese
Protests, Riots, Violence, threats, dragged them to trains to leave
Irish Immigrant, leader of the Anti-Chinese Act, leader of the Working Man's Party, ended speeches in "Chinese Must Go'
Why did riots happen?
Chinese were different in appearance, culture, religion,
long braids men would wear
1879 new CA constitution
Banned everyone except Native-born whites, white immigrants, and African Americans from owning land
1880 stopped immigrants
from fishing or selling fish from CA waters
Cubic Air Law
500 cubic ft of air per person living for each house,
if broken, Fined money, and/or jail time
If you were in jail, sheriff allowed to cut hair
3 years later, ruled unconstitutional
$2 every 3 months, owner of 2 wagons paid $4, if no wagons, paid $15, Chinese didn't own wagons
Chinese Exclusion Act
1st National law that discriminated against an immigrant group.
banned immigration of Chinese laborers for the next 10 years, denied citizenship to Chinese living there, Chinese already here could travel back and forth from China and U.S. If white lady married Chinese man, lady would loose citizenship
If you can't be a citizen, you can't own a mine
Some State Laws
Banned marriage between white and Chinese
1910 Angel Island
Detention Center in San Fran Bay
2 weeks to 22 months
Relationship with US citizen
Claims to residency
Closed in 1940
Scott Act of 1888
20,000 Chinese laborers temporarily out of country, couldn't return
only 26 Chinese entered US
1892 certificate of residence
in country legal proof
1892 Geary Act
renews Chinese Exclusion Act for 10 more years
1902 Congress extended it indefinitely
1924 National Origins Act
restricted immigration to US from Asia
quota of 100 people per year